[8] Rheumatic Heart Disease Flashcards Preview

[OS 213] CVS Module > [8] Rheumatic Heart Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in [8] Rheumatic Heart Disease Deck (22):
1

Acute diffuse inflammation of connective tissues of heart, joints, brain, blood vessels and subcutaneous tissues

Rheumatic Fever

2

What is the sequelae of Rheumatic Fever

Chronic Valvar Heart Disease

3

Most common cause of acquired heart disease in children and young adults worldwide

Rheumatic Fever

4

Gold standard for GAS Tonsillopharyngitis

Throat Culture

5

Disadvantage of Antistreptococcal Antibody Titers

No value in diagnosis of acute pharyngitis

Only reflective of past and not present infections

6

Diagnosis of Rheumatic Fever Uses?

Jones Criteria

7

[T/F] Carditis is the most common major manifestation seen in acute RF

False, it is arthritis

8

[T/F] Carditis is the most common major manifestation seen in admitted patients

True

9

Most common valve involved in carditis

Mitral Valve

10

When you have mild carditis, can your valves still go back to normal?

Yes, but when it reaches moderate carditis, it is unlikely

11

Most frequent and benign but least specific sign of RF

Arthritis

12

CBC Result of Rheumatic Fever

Anemia
Leukocytosis

13

Differentiate RF and RHD in terms of ECG

RHD would have heart enlargement, RF is just an acute inflammation

14

Anti-Inflammatory Medication for RF

High Dose Aspirin
Prednisone

15

Penicillin for 2nd Prophylaxis of RF Dosage

Every 3 weeks

16

Most common lesion in RHD

Mitral Regurgitation

17

Classic murmur of Mitral Regurgitation

Apical Holosystolic Murmur to Axilla

18

Major Criteria for the Modified Jones Criteria

Carditis
Polyarthritis
Chorea
Subcutaneous Nodules
Erythema Marginatum

19

High Probability of RF would require how many major manifestations or what combination of major and minor criteria?

2 Major Manifestations

or

1 Major + 2 Minor

+ GAS Infection

20

[Duration of Secondary RF Prophylaxis]

RF with Carditis and Residual Heart Disease

10 years or until 40 years of age (whichever is longer), usually life-long

21

[Duration of Secondary RF Prophylaxis]

RF with Carditis but no Residual Heart Disease

10 years or until 21 years of age (whichever is longer)

22

[Duration of Secondary RF Prophylaxis]

RF without Carditis

5 years or until 21 year of age (whichever is longer)