[11] Peripheral Vascular Disease Flashcards Preview

[OS 213] CVS Module > [11] Peripheral Vascular Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in [11] Peripheral Vascular Disease Deck (33):
1

Most common cause of Peripheral Vascular Disease

Atherosclerosis

2

Most common venous disorder

Chronic Venous Insufficiency

3

Clinical syndrome described ny intermittent hip/thigh/calf claudication, impotence and significantly decreased bilateral femoral pulses

Leriche Syndrome

4

Most common manifestation of Peripheral Arterial Disease

Asymptomatic PAD

5

Deadly Duo for PVDs

Smoking and Obesity

6

Severe Aortic Regurgitation upon Inspection is called?

Corrigan's Pulse

7

"Heart" of veinous valve movement

Calf Muscle Pump

8

[True Claudication vs. Pseudoclaudication]

Cause

T: Occlusive Arterial Disease

F: Spinal Stenosis

9

[True Claudication vs. Pseudoclaudication]

Onset

T: Walking

F: Erect Posture

10

[True Claudication vs. Pseudoclaudication]

Discomfort

T: Cramp, ache, fatigue

F: Parasthesia, pain

11

[True Claudication vs. Pseudoclaudication]

Bilateral

T: +/-

F: Generally bilateral

12

[True Claudication vs. Pseudoclaudication]

Relief

T: Standing Still

F: Sit down, lean on something, flex the spine

13

Test done to examine microcirculation in the hand

Allen's Test

14

What is Elevation Pallor

Test wherein a patients ankle is raised and should pale in 15-20 seconds and pink up in less than 60 seconds

If the sole remains pale, there is increased likelihood of severe PAD

15

What is Dependency Rubor

Patients legs are dangled off the side of the bed and if a foot reddens severely and persists, that leg is affected with PAD

16

Ischemic/Arterial Ulcers are usually located?

Tips of Extremities

17

Venous Stasis Ulcers are usually located?

Ankle Area (Middle Malleoli)

18

Neuropathic Ulcers are usually located?

High friction areas

Usually found in diabetic patients

19

[Embolic vs. Thrombotic Acute Limb Ischemia]

Onset of Symptom

E: Rapid

T: Slow

20

[Embolic vs. Thrombotic Acute Limb Ischemia]

Prior Symptoms

E: Infrequent

T: Frequent

21

[Embolic vs. Thrombotic Acute Limb Ischemia]

Opposite Leg Affected

E: Not affected

T: Affected

22

[Embolic vs. Thrombotic Acute Limb Ischemia]

Recent Heart Disease

E: Frequently with

T: +/-

23

[Embolic vs. Thrombotic Acute Limb Ischemia]

Amputation Risk

E: Low

T: High

24

[Embolic vs. Thrombotic Acute Limb Ischemia]

More Deadly of the Two

Thrombotic

25

Is a higher ankle brachial index better or a lower one?

Higher, the lower the value the higher the risk of dying from a cardiac event

26

Define: CVI Stage 0

No visible sign of disease

27

Define: CVI Stage I

Telangiectasia/Reticular Veins

28

Define: CVI Stage II

Varicose Veins

29

Define: CVI Stage III

Ankle Edema

30

Define: CVI Stage IV

Changes in Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue

31

Define: CVI Stage V

Healed Ulcer

32

Define: CVI Stage VI

Active Stasis Ulcer

33

Difference between Lipidemia and Lymphedema

Feet are spared in Lipidemia because of the retinaculum which limits deposition of fat