11-1 (8.18.16) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 11-1 (8.18.16) Deck (41):
1

read: ACA passed in a non-trad way -> explains why Rep hate it

n

2

individual mandate upheld; NO to state expansion

n

3

non-discrimation means what

insurance has to be for everyone (even those with pre existing conditions)

4

three pillars of ACA

1) non disc 2) subsidies and exchanges 3) indivi mandate

5

key way to control cost

ACOs

6

(year) bill was passed; (year) it was implemented

bill was passed in 2010; it was implemented in 2014

7

read: ACA made a tax on cosmetic surgery and tanning salons

n

8

uninsurance rate dropped from what to what

40% to 10%

9

Medicaid costs are going (up/down) over time

up

10

Why increase Medicaid cost over time?

may be bc uninsured, now insured have "catch" up costs

11

list the organs for which PARA effects are paradoxical

-eyes: constrict pupils
-lungs: constrict bronchi
-bladder: CONTRACTS bladder
(sympathetic: relaxes bladder)

12

another name for parasympathetic system (other than relax)

cranio sacral

13

nerve fibers in vagus are mostly sensory or motor?

sensory

14

autonomic PRE ganglionic are (un/myelinated)
opp for post

mye

15

does the vagus nerve go to the head (yes or no)

no

16

what binds to the enhancer region

transcription factors

17

enhancer is in the DNA that is being transcribed - therefore it is (cis/trans)

cis

18

the two major components of connective tissue

cells

ECM where cells live

19

the main fiber produced by fibroblast is

collagen

20

name the different types of collagen

1-skin, tendon, bone

2-cartilage

3- reticular fiber

4-basal lamina

21

"" make cartilage

chondrocyte

22

where are reticular fibers found

in solid organs

23

which collagen type (exact name) forms meshworks

reticulin

24

deficiency of VIT C results in bd of tissue requiring regular "" turnover

collagen

25

which fiber uses silver stain

reticulin

26

fibrillin-1 function


acts as a scaffolding on which elastin molecules are deposited

complex is the elastic fiber

27

similarity bt glycoprotein and proteoglycan

both have core as protein

28

function of loose (this function is NOT fulfilled by other types)

loose-supports

29

# C / g for fat, carb, protein

FAT 9C/g
Carb and protein 4C/g

30

three types of muscle
-smooth
-skeletal
-third?

cardiac

31

list out the layers of organization of skeletal muscle

Tissue = fascicle

cell = fiber

organelle = fibril

molecular = filament

32

T tubule def
-physical
-purpose

sarcolemma extension into cell

allows depolarization to take place WITHIN (not just on periphery)

33

thin/actin filament components

-F action
-Tropomyosin
-Troponin

34

where is myosin
A or I band

A band

35

is cardiac striated or not

(cardiac, smooth, skeletal) "" nucleus is centrally located

YES striated

cardiac and smooth

36

intercalated discs in cardiac muscle looks like of like

blood that zig zags down, messily

37

cardiac are shorter and "" (adj) compared to skm

branched

38

comp of intercalated disc (what junction)

adherens junction
gap junction

39

Purkinje fibers are specialized "" muscle cells

cardiac

40

P fiber purpose

these conduct electrical impulses (with/without) synapses

convey impulses from SA or AV node

without

41

name the wrappings

whole muscle is wrapped in EPI-MY-SIUM

bundle of cells/fascicle is wrapped in PERI-MY-SIUM

cell is wrapped in ENDO-MYSIUM