-Second member of Sui dynasty; murdered his father to gain throne; restored Confucian examination system; responsible for construction of Chinese canal system; assassinated in 618.
-Restored Confucian examination system; responsible for construction of Chinese canal system.
-Strengthed foundations for political unification and posperity in Sui economic prosperity at first but then brought it's downfall.
-AKA Duke of Tang; minister for Yangdi; took over empire following assisnation of Yangdi; first emperor of Tang dynasty; took imperial title of Gaozu.
-Took over empire following assisnation of Yangdi.
-First emperor of Tang dynasty.
-Capital of Tang dyanasty; population of 2 million, larger than any other city in the world at that time.
-Capital of Tang dyanasty.
Ministry of Rites
-Administered examinations to students from Chinese government schools or those recommended by distinguished scholars.
-Helped those of lower classes get into higher ranking positions without connections.
-Title granted to students who passed the most difficult Chinese examination on all of Chinese literature; became immediate dignitaries and eligible for high office.
pure land Buddhism
-Emphasized salvationist aspects of Chinese Buddhism; popular among masses of Chinese society.
-Popular among masses of Chinese society.
Chan Buddhism (China)/ Zen Buddhism (Japan)
-Stressed meditiation and appreciation of natural and artistic beauty; Chan popular with elite members of Chinese society.
-Main religion of upper classes of Chinese society,.
-Tang ruler 690-705 C.E. in China; supported Buddhist establishment; tried to elevate Buddhism to state religion; had multistory statues of Buddha created.
-Supported Buddhist establishment.
-Tried to elevate Buddhism to state religion; had multistory statues of Buddha created.
-Chinese emperor of Tang dynasty who openly persecuted Buddhism by destroying monastaries in 840s; reduced influence of Chinese Buddhism in favor of Confucian ideology.
-Openly persecuted Buddhism by destroying monastaries in 840s.
-Reduced influence of Chinese Buddhism in favor of Confucian ideology.
-Leading Chinese emperor of the Tang dynasty who reigned from 713 to 755 though he encouraged overexpansion.
-Royal concubine during reign of Xuanzong; introduction of relatives into royal administration led to revolt.
-Packed upper levels of government with her greedy relatives.
-Led to revolt.
-Founder of Song dynasty; originally a general following the fall of Tang; took title of Taizu; failed to overcome northern Liao dtnasty that remained independent.
-Founder of Song dynasty.
-Failed to overcome northern Liao dtnasty that remained independent.
-Founded in 907 by nomadic Khitan people from Manchuria; maintained independence from Song dynasty in China.
-Nomads independant of Song.
-Weakened Song through attacks.
-Nomadic peoples of Manchuria; militarily superior to Song dynasty China but influenced by Chinese culture; forced humiliating treaties on Song China in 11th century.
-Militarily superior to Song dynasty.
-Forced humiliating treaties on Song China in 11th century.
-Most prominent of neo-Confucian scholars during the Song dynasty in China; stressed importance of applying philisophical principles to everyday life and action.
-Influenced culture, beliefs, and women's rights in Song Era.
-Revived ancient Confucian teachings in Song era China; great impact on the dynasties that followed their emphasis on tradition and hostility to foreign systems made Chinese rulers and bureaucrats less receptive to outside ideas and influences.
-Emphasis on tradition and hostility to foreign systems made Chinese rulers and bureaucrats less receptive to outside ideas and influences.
-Changed culture such as lessened women's rights.
-Rulers of Xi Xia kingdom of northwest China; one of regional kingdoms during period of southern Songl conquered by Mongols in 1226.
-Rulers of Xi Xia kingdom of northwest China.
-Kingdom of Tangut people north of Song kingdom, in mid-11th century; collected tribute that drained Song resources and burdened Chinese peasantry.
-Collected tribute that drained Song resources and burdened Chinese peasantry.
-Confucian scholar and chief minister of a Song emperor in 1070s; introduced sweeping reforms based on Legalists; advocated greater state intervention in society.
-Introduced sweeping reforms based on Legalists.
-Advocated greater state intervention in society.
-Founders of the Qin kingdom that succeedd the Liao in northern China; annexed most of the Yellow River basin and forced Song to flee to south.
-Founders of the Qin kingdom that succeedd the Liao in northern China.
-Forced Song to flee to south.
-Kingdom north of the Song Empire; established by Jurchens in1115 after overthrowing Liao dynasty; ended in 1234.
-Overthrew Liao dynasty.
-Forced Song to flee south.
-Rump state of Song dynasty from 1127 to 1279; carved out of much larger domains ruled by the Tang and northern Song; culturally one of the most glorious reigns in Chinese history.
-One of most glorious reigns in Chinese history culturally.
-Built in 7th century during reign of Yandi during Sui dynasty; designed to link the original centers of Chinese civilization on the the north China plainwith the Yandtze river basin to the south; nearly 1200 miles long.
-Linked the original centers of Chinese civilization on the the north China plainwith the Yandtze river basin to the south.
-Helped trade and economy.
-Chinese ships equipped with watertight bulkheads, sternpost rudders, compasses, and bamboo fanders; dominant force in Asian seas east of the Malayan peninsula.
-Dominant force in Asian seas east of the Malayan peninsula.
-Improved economic activity.
-Chinese credit intrument that provided credit vouchers to merchants to be redeemed at the end of the voyage; reduced danger of robbery; early form of currency.
-Reduced danger of robbery so economy better.
-Early form of currency.
-Practice in Chinese society to mutilate women's feet in order to make them smaller; produced pain and restricted women's movement; made it easier to confine women in the household.
-Made it easier to confine women in the household.
-Decreased women's rights.
-Most famous poet of the Tang era; blended images of the mundane world with philisophical musings.
-Most famous poet of Tang era.
-Influenced Tang thinking.