Flashcards in 32: Latin America: Revolution and Reaction into the 21st Century Deck (14):
Party of the Institutionalized Revolution; dominant political party in Mexico; developed during the 1920's and 1930's; incorporated labor,peasants, military, and middle-class sectors; controlled other political organizations in Mexico.
Guerrilla movement named in honor of Emiliano Zapata; originated in 1994 in Mexico's southern state of Chiapas; government responded with a combination of repression and negotiation.
Juan Jose Arevalo
Elected president of Guatemala in 1944; began series of socialist reforms including land reform; nationalist program directed against foreign owned companies such as United Fruit Company.
United Fruit Company
Most important foreign economic concern in Guatemala during the 20th century; attempted land reforms aimed at United Fruit caused U.S. intervention in Guatemalan politics leading to ouster of reform government in 1945.
Dictator of Cuba from 1934 to 1944; returned to presidency in 1952; ousted from government by revolution led by Fidel Castro.
Cuban revolutionary; overthrew dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1958; initiated series of socialist reforms; came to depend almost exclusively on Soviet Union.
Ernesto "Che" Guevara
Argentine revolutionary; aided Fidel Castro in overthrow of Fulgencio Batista regime in Cuba; died while directing guerrilla movement in Bolivia in 1967.
Combined Catholic theology and socialist principles in effort to bring about improved conditions for the poor in Latin America in 20th century.
President of Chile; nationalized industries and banks; sponsored peasant and worker expropriations of lands and foreign-owned factories; overthrown in 1973 by revolt of Chilean military with the support of the
Nicaraguan socialist movement named after Augusto Sandino; successfully carried out socialist revolution in Nicaragua during the 1980's.
Led a guerrilla resistance movement against U.S. occupation forces in Nicaragua; assassinated by Nicaraguan National Guard in 1934; became national hero and symbol of resistance to U.S. influence in Central America.
Term given to governments supported or created by the United States in Central America; believed to be either corrupt or subservient to U.S. interests.
Good Neighbor Policy
Established by Franklin D. Roosevelt for dealing with Latin America in 1933; intended to halt direct intervention in Latin American politics.