15: The World in 1450: Changing Balance of World Power Flashcards Preview

AP World History > 15: The World in 1450: Changing Balance of World Power > Flashcards

Flashcards in 15: The World in 1450: Changing Balance of World Power Deck (8):
1

Zheng He

-Chinese Muslim admiral who commanded series of Indian Ocean, Persian Gulf, and Red Sea trade expeditions under third Ming emperor, Yunglo, between 1405 and 1433.
-Led Chinese outreach with his expeditions.

2

Renaissance

-Cultural and political Movement in western Europe;began in Italy c. 1400; rested on urban vitality and expanding commerce; featured a literature and art with distinctly more secular priorities than those of the Middle Ages.
-Changed SPICEs of Europe

3

Petrarch, Francesco

-One of the major literacy figures of the Western Renaissance; an Italian author and humanist.
-Writings influenced European thought and culture.

4

Castile

-Along with Aragon, a regional kingdom of the Iberian peninsula; pressed reconquest of peninsula from Muslims; developed a vigorous military and religious agenda.
-Pressed reconquest of peninsula from Muslims.

5

Aragon

-Along with with Castile, a regional kingdom of the Iberian peninsula; pressed reconquest of peninsula from Muslims; developed a vigorous military and religious agenda.
-Pressed reconquest of peninsula from Muslims.

6

Vivaldis

-Two Genoese brothers who attempted to find a Western route to the "Indies"; disappeared in 1291; precursors of thrust into southern Atlantic.
-Precursors of thrust into southern Atlantic.

7

da Gama, Vasco

- Portuguese captain who sailed for India in 1497; established early Portuguese dominance in Indian Ocean.
-Established early Portuguese dominance in Indian Ocean.

8

Henry the Navigator

-Portuguese prince responsible for direction of the series of expeditions along the African coast in the 15th century; marked beginning of western European expansion.
-Marked beginning of western European expansion.

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