18: The Rise of Russia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 18: The Rise of Russia Deck (11):
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Ivan III

-AKA Ivan the Great; prince of Duchy of Moscow; claimed descent from Rurik; responsible for freeing Russia from Mongols after 1462; took title of tsar or Caesar--equivalent of emperor.

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Ivan IV

-AKA Ivan the Terrible; confirmed power of tsarist autocracy by attacking authority of boyars (aristocrats); continued policy of Russian expansionism; established contacts with western European commerce and culture.

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cossacks

-Peasants recruited to migrate to newly seized lands in Russia, particularly in south; combined agriculture with military conquests; spurred additional frontier conquests and settlements.

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Time of Troubles

-Followed death of Russian tsar Ivan IV without heir early in 17th century; boyars attempted to use vacuum of power to reestablished their authority; ended with selection of Michael Romanov as tsar in 1613.

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Romanov dynasty

-Dynasty elected in 1613 at end of Time of Troubles; ruled Russia until 1917.

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Alexis Romanov

-The Russian heir to the throne at the time of the Russian revolution and the youngest member of the royal family at the time of their execution.

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Old Believers

-Russians who refused to accept the ecclesiastical reforms of Alexis Romanov; many exiled to Siberia or southern Russia, where they became part of Russian colonization.

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Peter I

-AKA Peter the Great; son of Alexis Romanov; ruled from 1689 to 1724; continued growth of absolutism and conquest; included more definite interest in changing selected aspects of economy and culture through imitation of western European models.

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Catherine the Great

-German-born Russian tsarina in the 18th century; ruled after assassination of her husband; gave appearance of enlightened rule; accepted Western cultural influence; maintained nobility as service aristocracy by granting them new power over peasantry.

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Pugachev rebellion

-During 1770s in reign of Catherine the Great; led by cossack Emelian Pugachev, who claimed to be legitimate tsar; eventually crushed; typical of peasant unrest during the 18th century and thereafter.

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partition of Poland

-Division of Polish territory among Russia, Prussia, and Austria in 1772, 1793, and 1795; eliminated Poland as independent state; part of expansion of Russian influence in eastern Europe.

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