2 Musculoskeletal System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2 Musculoskeletal System Deck (36):
1

musculoskeletal system requires (x4)

- intact nervous system
- intact muscles
- intact bones
- intact stability

2

musculoskeletal assessment (x3)

- strength (muscles)
- stability (bones)
- flexibility (joints)

3

osteoclast

bone resorbing

4

osteoblast

bone forming

5

osteoporosis

metabolic bone disease
- decrease in quality, quantity of bone

6

highest risk for osteoporosis

post-menopausal women

7

osteomalacia

softening of bone from defective mineralization

8

atrophy

reduction in size

9

ankylosis

stiffness of joint

10

arthritis

inflammation of joint

11

lifespan considerations: infant/child

- safety
- cognitive unawareness of environment

until awareness developed, CHILD SAFETY FOCUS

12

lifespan considerations: elderly

increased osteoclast activity
decreased osteoblast activity

weight bearing and strengthening exercises!

13

increased risk for osteoporosis

Caucasian or Asian

14

spine curves expected (x3)

cervical: concave
thoracic: convex
lumbar: concave

15

kyphosis

exaggerated convex thoracic (hunchy)

16

lordosis

exaggerated concave lumbar

17

poker spine

loss of curves

18

scoliosis

lateral shift of spine curve

19

fasiculation

twitching/spasm/involuntary muscle movements

20

active range of motion

client moves themselves

21

passive range of motion

examiner supports/moves extremities

22

flexion

decreases angle

23

extension

increases angle

24

hyperextension

straighten joint beyond limit

25

pronation

front/ventral down

26

supination

front/ventral up

27

abduction

move away from midline

28

adduction

move toward midline

29

eversion

turn body part outward

30

inversion

turn body part inward

31

dorsiflexion

decrease angle between foot and leg: toes and foot up

32

plantar flexion

increases angle between foot and leg
GAS PEDAL

33

leading cause of injury for clients in the hospital

FALLS!!!
Consider safety at all times.

34

proper body mechanics for working with clients

- alignment
- use large muscle groups
- bend at knees
- broad base
- brace for support, use leverage
- work at waist level, close to nurse

35

RICE

rest, ice, compress, elevate

36

PMSS

perfusion, movement, sensation, skin

use to avoid tourniquet effect

Decks in Undeleted Class (79):