2 Genitourinary System Flashcards Preview

Undeleted > 2 Genitourinary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2 Genitourinary System Deck (27):
1

kidney produces ? urine per day

1200-1600 mL

2

kidney receives ? plasma per day

180 L

3

RAAS

secreted by kidneys to regulate BP (maintain adequate blood flow during hypovolemic states)

4

Erythropoetin

secreted by kidneys to stimulate RBC production in bone marrow

5

bladders stores up to ? urine

600 mL

6

micturition reflex

urge to urinate stimulated by 200-300mL urine

7

urethra sphincter control (x2)

internal: involuntary (releases with micturition reflex)
external: voluntary

8

polyuria

increased urine output

9

oliguria

decreased urine output

10

anuria

no urine production

11

relation of intake to output

intake = output (+/- 100mL)

12

risks for women

- anatomy: short, straight uretha, proximity to vagina/rectum (susceptible to ascending infection)
- childbirth

13

risks for older adults

- decreased pelvic muscle tone
- loss of sphincter control

14

risks for men

enlarged prostrate = obstruction of outflow

15

risks for infants

not yet continent

16

risks associated with narcotic use

- decreased micturition reflex (thus increased urine retention)
- incontinence

17

gross hematuria

visible blood in urine

18

microscopic hematuria

blood in urine requiring lab analysis (not visible)

19

IPPA

inspection: external genitalia
palpation: bladder
percussion: CV tenderness
auscultation: none

20

UOP

urinary output

21

dysuria

painful urination

22

basic adequate renal function

adults should produce ~30mL per hour

23

functional incontinence

difficulty reaching toilet in timely manner

24

reflex incontinence

predictable involuntary loss of urine without sensation of urge or ladder fullness

25

stress incontinence

immediate involuntary loss of urine resulting from increased intra-abdominal pressure

26

total incontinence

continuous, unpredictable loss of urine without distension or bladder fullness

27

urge incontinence

involuntary loss of urine associated with a strong, sudden desire to void

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