25 Lean Methods Flashcards Preview

Six Sigma > 25 Lean Methods > Flashcards

Flashcards in 25 Lean Methods Deck (10):
1

Kanban P.557

A system that signals the need to replenish stock or materials or to produce more of an item.

2

5S P.559

-Sort
-Set (arrange)
-Shine (clean)
-Standardize
-Sustain

3

Poka-Yoke P. 560

Mistake-proof a process by building safeguards into the system that avoid or immediately find errors.

4

Continuous Flow Manufacturing (CFM) P.563

Method in which items are produced and moved from one processing step to the next at a time.

5

Single-minute exchange of die (SMED) P.564

-Identify and classify internal (machine down) and external activities (preparation/ followup)
-Make a video of the changeover process
-Separate internal and external activities
-Convert internal to external activities
-Apply engineering changes to convert any remaining internal activities to external activities as appropriate.
-Minimize external activity time

6

Heijunka (Production Leveling) P. 565

-Volume Leveling
-Product Leveling

7

Kaizen Event or Kaizen Blitz P.568

Small, intensive event or project over a relatively short duration, such as a week.

-The responsibility for implementation of changes as a result of the kaizen activity lies mostly within the team, and the risk of failure is small.
-Projects are time bounded and results must be demonstrated quickly.
-Projects are clearly defined.
-Improvement opportunities are readily identifiable, such as excess waste.

8

Kaizen P.569

An approach to process and enterprise management that recognizes the importance of each employee's creative ability and interest in continuous improvement.

9

Theory of constraints (TOC) P.570

A problem-solving methodology that focuses on the weakest link in a chain of processes.
1. Identify
2. Exploit (improve constraint)
3. Subordinate (adjust rate to match constraint)
4. Elevate
5. Repeat

10

Overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) P.573

OEE = Availability x Performance x Quality

Availability = Actual operation time / Planned production tim

Performance = (Total pieces / Actual operating time) / Ideal run time

Quality = Number of good pcs/ Total number of pcs