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Flashcards in 3 Branches of Government and Articles of Constitution Deck (144):
1

(Article 1) The power to _____________ is given to a ____________ made up of two chambers to represent different interests: a ___________ to represent the states; a ____________ to be more responsive to the people's will

make laws, legislature, upper house (senate), lower house (HOR)

2

(Article 1) The US Congress is _______ - divided into 2 chambers or houses

bicameral

3

(Article 1) ______________ - "lower" house

House of Representatives

4

(Article 1) Qualifications for House of Representatives (age)

at least 25 years of age

5

(Article 1) Qualifications for HOR (citizen)

citizen for at least 7 years

6

(Article 1) Qualifications of HOR (living location)

live in the state he/she represents

7

(Article 1) Qualifications of HOR - representation is based on: __________

population

8

(Article 1) Qualifications of HOR - term of office

2 year terms

9

(Article 1) Qualifications of HOR - election process

directly elected by the people

10

(Article 1) Qualifications of HOR - the number of representatives was set at __________ in 1929. The number is still ________ today

435

11

(Article 1) Qualifications of HOR - the __________ of the House is responsible for choosing the heads of various house committees

speaker

12

what is impeachment

two step process formally removing president from office

13

(Article 1) ____________ - "upper" house

senate

14

(Article 1) qualifications for senate (age)

at least 30 years of age

15

(Article 1) qualifications for senate (citizen)

citizen for at least 9 years

16

(Article 1) qualifications for senate (living location)

must live in the state he/she represents

17

(Article 1) qualifications for senate - representation is ________ - 2 senators for each state

equal

18

(article 1) qualifications for senate - term of office

6 years

19

there are a total of ______ senators (2 from each state)

100

20

(article 1) qualifications for senate - election process

serve 6 year terms in office

21

the vice president's only duty listed in the constitution is to preside over the _______

senate

22

the senate elects its other officers, including the presiding officer: ________ who serves when the vice president is absent

president pro tempore

23

the ____ amendment changed the way senators are selected

17

24

senators are now _________ elected by the people

directly

25

all bills must originate in the __________

HOR

26

a bill - __________ - becomes a law by passing through both houses of congress of congress and being signed by the _________

a proposal, president

27

in 1845, election day was set at ________________

tuesday after the first monday in november

28

the 20th amendment, changed the date of congressional opening to _________

january 3

29

what is a quorum

one more than half the members of congress

30

what is revenue

government money from taxes

31

what is a veto

president doesn't approve/ says no to proposed law

32

what is a pocket veto

president never signs or vetoes/ignores the law

33

5 powers delegated to congress

1. taxation
2. commerce (trade)
3. borrowing
4. courts
5. post office

34

3 powers denied to the federal government

1. slave trade
2. direct taxes
3. titles of nobility and gifts

35

what is article 2

executive branch - the presidency

36

(article 2) gives the power to the president to __________

enforce/carry out laws

37

what are the 3 parts of the executive branch

1. presidency (selected by electoral college)
2. vice-presidency (also selected on the same ticket)
3. cabinet (appointed by the president)

38

what is the term of office for president

4 years

39

the constitutional convention had trouble deciding how the president was to be chosen. the system agreed upon _________ election by electors

indirect

40

what is the electoral college system

group of citizens who select the president. the number of electors is equal to the total number of senators (100) + total number of representatives (435) + 3 for DC

41

date of elections

tuesday after the first Monday in november

42

2 presidential qualifications

1. must be 35 years of age
2. must be a natural born citizen

43

(article 2) vacancies. if the president ______, ____________ or is ___________ or is unable to _____________ the __________ becomes the president

dies, resigns, impeached, fulfill his duties as president, vice president

44

the presidential oath of office is usually administered by the

chief justice

45

2 powers of the president

1. makes treaties with other countries and appoints people
2. makes temporary appointments

46

3 reasons why a president can be impeached

1. treason
2. bribery
3. high crimes and misdemeanors

47

impeachment is _________. the house of representatives formally "_______" the president and the senate formally "________." both houses must vote in favor of impeachment for a president to be _______ from office

removal office, accuses, convicts, removed

48

what is article 3

judicial branch - us supreme court

49

the constitution sets up not only the supreme court but also the _________

lower courts

50

there are currently __ justices of the supreme court. leader = _______

9, chief justice

51

the supreme court 2 types of jurisdiction

1. original jurisdiction - location or court where initial case takes place
2. appellate jurisdiction - court at which cases that are appealed are held

52

most supreme court cases are heard on _____ from lower courts

appeal

53

______ is the highest court in the land

supreme court

54

supreme court makes the _______ in all cases that it hears

final decision

55

congress also has the power to set up a system of ____________

lower federal courts

56

justices serve_____ terms

life

57

holds office for life

judicial

58

serves as commander in chief of the air force, army, marines, and navy

executive

59

elected to a two year term

house of representatives

60

can override a veto

legislative (house and senate)

61

appoints ambassadors to other foreign nations

executive

62

only two from each state

senate

63

can overrule a lower court

judicial

64

delivers the annual state of the union address

executive

65

can make laws relating to gun control

legislative (house and senate)

66

elected to a four year term

executive

67

can lower the federal income tax

legislative (house and senate)

68

can declare war

legislative (house and senate)

69

must be at least 35 years of age

executive

70

can veto a bill

executive

71

can formally accuse the president of treason, bribery, or other high crimes

house of representatives

72

trial by jury

judicial

73

hears cases relating to the us constitution

judicial

74

has power to make treaties on the condition of senate approval

executive

75

settles disputes between states

judicial

76

can convict a president of treason, bribery, or other high crimes

senate

77

3 branches of government

legislative, executive, judicial

78

makes laws

legislature

79

execute laws

executive

80

interpret laws

judicial

81

leader title of the upper house (Senate)

vice presidency/president pro tempore

82

leader of the lower house (house of representatives)

speaker of the house

83

leader of the executive branch

president

84

leader of the judicial branch

chief justice

85

number of senates

2 per state

86

number of representatives

435

87

number of cabinet officials

15

88

number of justices

9

89

election/appointment for senate

direct election

90

election/appointment for house of representatives

direct election

91

election/appointment for president

electoral college

92

election/appointment for cabinet officials

appointed by the president with congressional approval

93

election/appointment for justices

appointed by the president, confirmed by the senate

94

age requirement for cabinet officials

no age requirement

95

age requirement for justices

no age requirement

96

term of office for cabinet officials

no term of office (tends to change with political party)

97

what is the title of a supreme court judge

justice

98

what is the highest court in the land

supreme court

99

how does one get to be a member of the cabinet

president

100

remove judges from office

L over J

101

veto bills

E over L

102

appoint judges

E over J

103

override veto

L over E

104

call special sessions

E over L

105

control appropriations

L over E

106

fail to enforce a court order

E over J

107

declare a law unconstitutional

J over L

108

grant a reprieve

E over J

109

replace some existing courts

L over J

110

set free a person being held by the FBI

E over J

111

propose an amendment

E over L

112

confirm appointments

L over E

113

ratify treaties

L over E

114

declare the president's actions unconstitutional

J over E

115

preamble

statement at the beginning of an official document

116

legislative

having to do with law making

117

term of office

the limited amount of time an elected official serves

118

electors

political party members from a state that formally elects the president

119

vacancy

an open seat in the house of congress

120

quorum

the minimum number of members who must be present to permit a legislative body to take official action

121

congressional record

official statements published daily by the government printing office (meeting minutes of congress)

122

adjourn

to formally end a meeting; dismiss

123

immunity

freedom from persecution

124

revenue

money raised by the government through taxes

125

veto

rejection of a proposed law

126

pocket veto

a bill on the desk of the president for 10 days that has not been signed

127

bill

proposed law

128

commerce

trade

129

naturalization

the legal process by which a person is granted citizenship

130

copyrights

formal document that protects an author's words; give the author an exclusive right to the words for a specific period of time

131

patents

formal document that permits an inventor to manufacture and sell the product for a specific amount of time

132

militia

citizens trained as soldiers; national guard

133

appropriation

official approval by govt spending

134

titles of nobility

formal declaration of status such as duke, duchess, and earl

135

executive

having to do with the enforcement of laws

136

oath of office

official affirmation of dedication to a public office

137

judicial

having to do with the interpretation of laws

138

common law

laws made by judges in process of resolving individual cases

139

statute law

laws that are written down or formally on record

140

original jurisdiction

the authority of a trial court (court that originally heard a case)

141

appellate jurisdiction

the authority of a court to hear a case that is appealed by a lower court (a higher court can hear a case on appeal from a lower court)

142

extradition

an "accused" person is returned to state where crime occurred

143

amendments

changes or additions to the constitution

144

supremacy clause

established the constitution as the highest law of the US