Chapters 13, 14, 15 Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapters 13, 14, 15 Test Deck (103):
1

7 presidential roles

1. head of state
2. chief executive
3. economic planner of the country
4. chief legislator
5. party leader
6. chief diplomat for nations
7. commander in chief

2

what does the president do as head of state

represents the entire country and performs ceremonial roles

3

what does the president do as the chief executive

influences the way laws are carried out and is head of executive committees

4

what does the president do as economic planner of the country

puts forth a yearly budget that should promote high employment, production, and output

5

what does the president do as chief legislator

signs bills into law

6

what does the president do as party leader

selects the national party chairman, gives speeches, raises money for the party

7

what does the president do as the chief diplomat for nations (diplomat = ambassador)

lists other countries, director of foreign policy and secretary of state carries out foreign policy

8

what does the president do as commander in chief

leader of all branches of military

9

department of state

handles foreign policy, staff embassies, speaks for the united states in the UN

10

department of treasury

serves the government's financial division, operates the bureau of printing and engraving, regulates the IRS, regulates alcohol and tobacco

11

department of the interior

oversees relations with native americans; oversees mining; manages national monuments, historical sites, recreational areas, and national parks and lands

12

department of agriculture

helps expand farmers' markets, develops conservation programs, and safeguards food supplies

13

department of justice

oversees the nation's legal affairs

14

department of commerce

administers the bear eau of census and the patent and trademark office, provides uniform standards for weights and measurements

15

department of labor

ensures safe working conditions and a minimum wage, protects pensions, analyzes employment data, regulates unions

16

department of defense

protects us security and oversees armed forces

17

department of health and human services

directs the social services - social security, medicare, the FDA

18

department of housing and urban development

preserves the nation's communities and ensures US citizens of equal housing opportunities, helps make GNMA mortgage money available

19

department of transportation

regulates aviation, railroads, highways, mass transit, and the coast guard

20

department of energy

plans energy policy, researches and develops energy technology, sets rates for interstate transmission of natural gas and electricity

21

department of education

coordinates federal assistance programs for public and private schools, helps physically challenged and limited english proficiency students

22

department of veteran affairs

administers veterans' hospitals and education programs

23

department of homeland security

responsible for domestic protection; includes the coast guard; also for emergency preparedness and emergency response

24

the federal bureaucracy is

all the agencies, people, and procedures through which the federal government operates, hierarchal in structure, and headed by the president

25

the "nerve center" of the executive office of the president is the

white house of office

26

the job of the national security council is to

advise the president about the nation's safety

27

which is the title of the head of the justice department

attorney general

28

how many cabinet departments are there

15

29

after president james garfield's assassination, the government began reforms in

the civil service system

30

formal qualifications for president (age)

35

31

formal qualifications for president (citizenship)

natural born citizen

32

formal qualifications for president (us residence)

live in state 14 years prior to presidency

33

term and compensation for president (maximum term length)

2 (max. of 10 years)

34

term and compensation for president (annual salary)

$400,000

35

term and compensation for president (annual expenses)

$50,000 expense account, 2 residencies (camp david and white house), use of airforce 1 and marine 1

36

6 qualities and skills that make a president an effective leader

1. understanding the public - if a president has a good feeling for the hopes, fears, and moods of people, he will receive public support and, in turn, will receive political leverage with congress
2. ability to communicate - presidents who explain their policies clearly and inspire public support are usually well received by congress and the people
3. sense of timing - when new policies are introduced or key decisions are made at the right time, the poss. of success is increased
4. openness to new ideas - since situations can change rapidly today, presidents must be flexible enough to seek new solutions to modern problems
5. ability to compromise - effective presidents accept part of what they want rather than being forced to accomplish nothing at all
6. political courage - effect presidents must have the courage to make unpopular decisions and risk alienating congress or the people in order to do what they think is right

37

examples of independent executive agencies

1. national aeronautics and space administration (NASA) and federal election commission (FEC)

38

examples of independence regulatory commissions

1. federal reserve
2. federal comm. commission (FCC)

39

what are the functions of government corporations

carry out government business activities

40

examples of government corporations

1. us postal service
2. fed. deposit insurance (FDIC) corporation

41

the term independent agencies means that the agencies are not part of

cabinet departments

42

independent regulatory commissions are ___________ bodies, which means they have the power to make rules and regulations

quasi-legislative

43

they also have quasi judicial powers, which they exercise by ___________________

deciding disputes in those fields in which congress has given them policing authority

44

the 10 _____ operate largely outside presidential control

independent regulatory commissions

45

the civil rights commission and the peace corps are both ______

independent executive agencies

46

many claim the advantage of ______ is their flexibility, or freedom from the controls of regular departmental organization

government corporations

47

the united states postal service is an example of a

government corporation

48

the independent agencies were created by

congress

49

one reason that independent regulatory agencies are not subject to presidential control

are appointed for long terms, are appointed to staggered terms, must consist of nearly equal number of democrats and republicans (non-partisan)

50

the office of personnel management and the civil rights commission are examples of

agencies that were given independent status in order to protect them from political influence

51

do voters in the united states vote directly for the president

no

52

the group of people who cast the official votes to elect the president and the vice president is called the

electoral college

53

an _________ election is one where the citizens vote for electors who elect the president

indirect

54

a ________ election is one where the citizens vote for the president

direct

55

a ________ election is one where the winner of the popular election gets all the state's electoral votes

winner take all

56

what did the 12th amendment to the constitution do

a majority of electoral votes is still required for a person to be elected president or vice president by the electoral college

57

today, all of the states but maine have __________ elections to elect presidential electors

winner take all

58

how many electoral votes does a nominee need in order to win the presidency

270 (538/2 + 1) *know math

59

what are the five states with the highest number of electoral votes

california, texas, florida, new york, and pennsylvania

60

how many electoral votes does your state have

55

61

who does (minnesota) get more electoral votes than (idaho)

(minnesota) has more citizens

62

(look over electoral map questions)

(look over electoral map questions)

63

difference between presidents and prime ministers on how they are selected

president is selected (presidential parliament); prime ministers are chosen by and responsible to parliament

64

can cabinet members hold office in the executive branch

president usually choose cabinet members from outside congress and according to the constitution, no sitting member of congress can hold an office in the executive branch

65

what is the difference between the president and prime minister in the legislature

presidents have no guaranteed majority in the legislature while prime minister party always has a majority in parliament

66

what is divided government

one party controls the white house and a different party controls one or both houses of congress

67

what is unified government

the same party controls the white house and both houses of congress

68

what is gridlock

the inability of the government to act because rival parties control different parts of the government

69

does gridlock matter

- divided governments do as well as united ones in passing important laws, conducting investigations and ratifying important treaties
- united governments do not ensure that congress and president will see eye to eye; conservative and liberal republicans
- the only true unified government is run by the same ideology wing of the same party

70

how many electoral votes does a state have

each state can cast one electoral vote for each senator and representative it has

71

who has offices in the white house

closest assistants have offices in the white house - usually west wing

72

what are the president's executive agencies (executive agencies report directly to the president and performs staff services for him, but are not located in white house)

- office of management and budget
- director of national intelligence
- council of economic advisors

73

what is the cabinet

the heads of fifteen executive branch departments of the federal government

74

examples of independent agencies (commissions and judgeships)

FCC and FAA (not a part of the cabinet)

75

how do you get appointed in the cabinet

those appointed to cabinet and sub cabinet usually have some prior federal experience

76

vice president's task

the only official task of VP is to preside over the senate and vote in the case of a tie

77

25th amendment (1967)

VP becomes president when president declares himself unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office or when the VP and majority of the cabinet declare the president is incapacitated

78

line of succession (list order)

vice president, house speaker, press. pro tempore, sec of state, sec. of treasury

79

what is impeachment

charges against a president or leader that could result in removal from office

80

which presidents have been impeached

andrew johnson and bill clinton

81

what is lame duck

office holder whose power has diminished because he/she is about to leave office

82

what are executive orders

order given by the president that has full force of law

83

what is reprieve

postponement of legal punishment

84

what is pardon

release from legal punishment

85

what is amnesty

group pardon given to individuals for an offense against the government

86

what is chief of state

the president is the ceremonial head of the government of the united states, the symbol of all the people of the nation

87

what is the chief executive

president is vested by the constitution with "the executive power" of the us

88

what is chief administrator

the director of the huge executive branch of the federal government

89

what is chief diplomat

the main architect of american foreign policy and the nation's chief spokesperson to the rest of the world

90

what is commander in chief

the 1.4 million men and women in uniform and the nation's entire military arsenal are subject to the president's direct and immediate control

91

what is chief legislator

the main architect of its public policies

92

what is chief of party

the acknowledged leader of the political party that controls the executive branch

93

what is chief citizen

the representative of all the people

94

what is presidential succession

the scheme by which a presidential vacancy is filled

95

what is presidential electors

the president and vice president were to be chosen by this special body

96

what are electoral votes

electors cast 2 votes each for a different candidate. the candidate with most votes become president

97

what is electoral college

the group of people (electors) chosen from each state and the district of columbia to formally select the president and vice president

98

what is presidential primary

an election in which a party's voters (1) choose some or all of the state party organization's delegates to their party's national convention, and/or (2) express a preference among various contenders for their party's presidential nomination

99

what is winner take all

the candidate who won the preference vote automatically won the preference one automatically won the support of all delegates chosen in the primary

100

what is national convention

the meetings at which the delegates vote to pick their presidential and vice presidential candidates

101

what is platform

formal statement of basic principles, stands on major policy matters, and objectives for the campaign and beyond

102

title for department of justice

attorney general

103

title of department of health and human services

surgeon general