Chapter 1: Principles of Government Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1: Principles of Government Deck (54)
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1

4 purposes of any government

1. maintain order
2. provide services to citizens
3. provide for security of the nation
4. provide economic stability

2

6 purposes of the US government (according to the preamble)

1. form a more perfect union
2. establish justice
3. ensure domestic tranquility
4. provide for the common defense
5. promote the general welfare
6. secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity

3

define the word state

a state is a body of people in a defined territory organized politically with the power to make enforced laws without the consent of any other higher authority (sovereignty)

4

4 essential features of a state

1. population - people or citizens
2. territory - land with boundaries
3. sovereignty - power to rule
4. government - leadership or organization

5

4 theories for the origin of the state

1. force theory - a person or small group that have control over an area and forced all of the people in this area to submit to his rule
2. evolution theory - idea that state or countries developed naturally from the early idea of family and the people have to submit to the "father's" rule
3. divine right theory - idea that a greater power or God created the state and God gave those of royal birth the "divined" right to rule
4. social contract theory - people who interact and who willingly consent to be governed in order to be safe an secure

6

when was the constitution written

1787

7

what is the first part of the constitution called

preamble

8

what did the founding fathers want for the US

a land of liberty

9

what type of government does the US have

federal system/presidential system/democracy

10

North Korea is run by a small group of Communist Party leaders. What type of government does that country have?

dictatorship

11

do you think all present day monarchies are true autocracies?

no, i do not think all present day monarchies are true autocracies because an autocracy is a system of government in which supreme power is concentrated in the hands of one person and this doesn't describe any of today's monarchies

12

an institution through which society makes and enforces its public policies

government

13

a group of people who live in a defined territory that is organized politically

state

14

three types of government systems (geographic distribution)

1. unitary system - all power belongs to the central government with a central agency
2. federal system - power is shared between 2 or more levels
3. confederation - union or alliance of independent states

15

two types of government systems (according to relationship between legislative and executive branches)

1. parliamentary government
2. presidential government

16

three types of government systems (according to the number of people who can participate)

1. autocracy - ruled by 1
2. oligarchy - ruled by a few
3. democracy - ruled by many

17

in a democracy, sovereign power is held by

the people

18

in a dictatorship, sovereign power is held by

the dictator

19

in a democracy, those who rule are responsible to

the people

20

in a dictatorship, those who rule are responsible to

no one, only the dictator

21

in a democracy, power is gained by

elections

22

in a dictatorship, power is gained by

force

23

a government in which a single person holds unlimited power

autocracy

24

a government in which the executive and legislative branches are separate and coequal

presidential government

25

a government in which the power is divided between a central government and other local governments

federal government

26

a government in which a small, usually self-appointed, group has the power to rule

oligarchy

27

a government in which all power belongs to a central agency

unitary government

28

an alliance of independent states

confederation

29

structuring a government so that power is shared by a central and several local governments

division of powers

30

a government in which members of the executive branch are also members of the legislative branch and are subject to the legislature's direct control

parliamentary government