Chapter 1: Principles of Government Flashcards Preview

U.S. Government > Chapter 1: Principles of Government > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1: Principles of Government Deck (54):
1

4 purposes of any government

1. maintain order
2. provide services to citizens
3. provide for security of the nation
4. provide economic stability

2

6 purposes of the US government (according to the preamble)

1. form a more perfect union
2. establish justice
3. ensure domestic tranquility
4. provide for the common defense
5. promote the general welfare
6. secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity

3

define the word state

a state is a body of people in a defined territory organized politically with the power to make enforced laws without the consent of any other higher authority (sovereignty)

4

4 essential features of a state

1. population - people or citizens
2. territory - land with boundaries
3. sovereignty - power to rule
4. government - leadership or organization

5

4 theories for the origin of the state

1. force theory - a person or small group that have control over an area and forced all of the people in this area to submit to his rule
2. evolution theory - idea that state or countries developed naturally from the early idea of family and the people have to submit to the "father's" rule
3. divine right theory - idea that a greater power or God created the state and God gave those of royal birth the "divined" right to rule
4. social contract theory - people who interact and who willingly consent to be governed in order to be safe an secure

6

when was the constitution written

1787

7

what is the first part of the constitution called

preamble

8

what did the founding fathers want for the US

a land of liberty

9

what type of government does the US have

federal system/presidential system/democracy

10

North Korea is run by a small group of Communist Party leaders. What type of government does that country have?

dictatorship

11

do you think all present day monarchies are true autocracies?

no, i do not think all present day monarchies are true autocracies because an autocracy is a system of government in which supreme power is concentrated in the hands of one person and this doesn't describe any of today's monarchies

12

an institution through which society makes and enforces its public policies

government

13

a group of people who live in a defined territory that is organized politically

state

14

three types of government systems (geographic distribution)

1. unitary system - all power belongs to the central government with a central agency
2. federal system - power is shared between 2 or more levels
3. confederation - union or alliance of independent states

15

two types of government systems (according to relationship between legislative and executive branches)

1. parliamentary government
2. presidential government

16

three types of government systems (according to the number of people who can participate)

1. autocracy - ruled by 1
2. oligarchy - ruled by a few
3. democracy - ruled by many

17

in a democracy, sovereign power is held by

the people

18

in a dictatorship, sovereign power is held by

the dictator

19

in a democracy, those who rule are responsible to

the people

20

in a dictatorship, those who rule are responsible to

no one, only the dictator

21

in a democracy, power is gained by

elections

22

in a dictatorship, power is gained by

force

23

a government in which a single person holds unlimited power

autocracy

24

a government in which the executive and legislative branches are separate and coequal

presidential government

25

a government in which the power is divided between a central government and other local governments

federal government

26

a government in which a small, usually self-appointed, group has the power to rule

oligarchy

27

a government in which all power belongs to a central agency

unitary government

28

an alliance of independent states

confederation

29

structuring a government so that power is shared by a central and several local governments

division of powers

30

a government in which members of the executive branch are also members of the legislative branch and are subject to the legislature's direct control

parliamentary government

31

true or false: in a unitary government, political authority rests in the hands of both central and local governments

false (this is a federal government)

32

true or false: dictatorships exercise limited authority over the people

false (total authority)

33

true or false: the united states federal government is an example of a direct democracy

false (it is an indirect democracy)

34

a typical way for a dictators to gain power is by

force

35

in a democracy, sovereignty is located with

the people

36

examples of industrialized nations

united states, japan, france, great britain, canada, australia

37

examples of newly industrialized nations

mexico, south korea, argentina, china

38

examples of developing nations

cambodia, el salvador, chile, ethiopia, and somalia

39

interdependence

when one nation relies on another nation for one or more things while the other nation relies on that nation for something else

40

6 basic concepts of democracy

1. fundamental worth of individual people
2. the equality of people
3. majority rule with minority rights
4. necessity of compromise
5. individual freedom

41

what are the four factors underlying the free enterprise system

private ownership, individual initiative, profit, competition

42

how does the law of supply and demand operate

when supplies of goods and services are plentiful, the prices drop but when they are scarce, prices start rising

43

what is a mixed economy

contains private enterprise and government regulation

44

true/false: in a democracy, the interests of the few must be elevated above the interests of the many

false

45

true/false: in a democracy, the majority is not always expected to have the right answer

true

46

true/false: the free enterprise system is an economic system, not a political system

true

47

true/false: compromise is vital in decision making process of a democracy

true

48

which of the following is NOT a basic concept of democracy

rights of the minority are not respected

49

which of the following is a justification for taxation in a democracy

the government must be able to provide services for its citizens

50

what are the roles of government in a mixed economy

regulation and promotion

51

6 words to describe US economy

1. capitalism
2. market
3. mixed
4. mixed market
5. free enterprise
6. laissez-faire

52

example of a unitary system

cuba

53

example of a federal system

united states

54

example of a confederation

the commonwealth of independent states