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Flashcards in Chapter 5,6,7 Test Deck (188)
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1

selecting candidates; the activity that sets political parties apart from other political groups

nominating

2

informing and activating supporters; inform people and activate their interests in public affairs; parties share this function with ______________ and __________ groups

media, interest

3

governing; helps _______ and executive branches work together; most appointments to executive branches are made on basis of ______, or allegiance to a political party

legislative; partisanship

4

____________; party that is ________________ criticizes the party that controls the government; the loyal opposition urges votes to _________

watchdog; out of power, throw the rascals out

5

all _________ can be defined as groups of persons who join together because they want to gain control of the government through winning elections

political parties

6

allegiance to a political party is known as __________

partisanship

7

in the united states, the major ____________ are the Democrats and the Republicans

parties

8

the party that controls the executive branch is known as

party in power

9

(true/false) the two major parties in the united states and election oriented rather than issue oriented

true

10

(true/false) most federal appointments to executive offices are made on a partisan basis

true

11

a political party is a group of persons who join together in order to

gain control of the government through the electoral process

12

broadly based parties like those in the united state tend to reduce and moderate

encouraging conflicting groups to agree to compromise solutions

13

5 roles/functions of political parties

1. nominating candidates for public office
2. inform/activate supporters
3. establish issues and set goals for government
4. to serve as watchdogs of the government/keep eye on other party
5. provide day to day leadership in government

14

what is consensus

general agreement

15

what is pluralistic society

culture composed of many distinct subgroups

16

the two party system in america goes back to the

ratification of the constitution

17

the statement that "americans are an ideologically homogeneous people" refers to the fact that

americans share basic political ideals

18

multiparty systems tend to produce

political instability

19

which of the following groups would be most likely to support the democratic party

people whose parents supported the democratic party

20

in the 1996 presidential election, president bill clinton was the (in the 2012 election, barack obama was the same)

incumbent

21

which of the following was supported by the democratic-republicans

polices designed to help farmers and planters

22

what are the names of the two major political parties in the united states

democrats and republicans

23

the smaller political parties are usually called __________ parties

third (minor/independent) parties

24

people who don't want to register as a member of a political party can register as

nonpartisan (independent)

25

name three things that activate party members do during a campaign to get votes for their candidate

1. make phone calls
2. knock on doors
3. film videos for friends
4. work to register voters
5. drive people to polling parties

26

what are the 4 minor parties

1. ideological parties
2. single issue parties
3. economic protest parties
4. splinter parties

27

what are ideological parties and list an example

based on a particular set of beliefs - a comprehensive view of social, economic, and political matters

examples: libertarian party

28

what are single issue parties and list an example

focus on only one public policy matter

examples: right to life party

29

what are economic protest parties and list 2 examples

they have proclaimed their disgust with the major parties and demanded better times, and have focused their anger on such real or imagined enemies as the monetary system, "wall street bankers," the railroads, or foreign imports

examples: the populist party and tea party

30

what are splinter parties and list an example

those trial have split away from one of the major parties

examples: "bull moose" progressive party of 1912 (t. roosevelt)