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Flashcards in Chapter 2-3: The Constitution Deck (93)
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1

4 building blocks of the US government

1. colonial experience - colonists would build on knowledge and experiences they had gained from colonization periods
2. constitutionalism - the founding fathers and colonists were committed to a written plan of government
3. republicanism - the colonists and founding fathers wanted government that was of by and for the people. the people would elect delegates to represent them in their law making body (legislature) and this representative government
4. enlightenment principles - the colonists and founding fathers have been heavily influenced by enlightenment. writings from thomas hobbes and john locke

2

what did the delegates of the second continental congress decide to do close to the end of revolutionary war

the delegates decided that the 13 independent states should form a league of friendship

3

what does the word "article" refer to

different parts of the document (13 articles)

4

describe the congress of confederation

each state was to send one representative to the congress and each state had only one vote

5

list some powers (6) of the congress according to the articles of confederation

1. ask each of the states for money to help run the central government
2. declare war, make peace, and raise an army and navy
3. control the relations of the US with other nations
4. arrange for mail service
5. manage indian affairs
6. borrow money to pay necessary government expenses

6

why did some states at first refuse to accept the articles of confederation

these states had no claims to land west of the Appalachian mountains and refused to join with the larger states

7

at what time were the articles of confederation finally accepted

1781

8

what was a reason why the articles of confederation did not work well (2 reasons)

1. did not give central government enough power
2. did not want a powerful national government that would interfere in local affairs and they would not give up their newly won independence

9

what level of government did not have enough power under the articles of confederation

federal/national government

10

why was the government losing the respect of other nations

the weak government was losing the respect of other nations because the confederation borrowed money from France and the Netherlands

11

by 1785, the situation was critical...the 13 states were far from ______, people were _______, _________ was suffering, men openly _________ their government, ________ was growing everywhere, the national government had no ________ abroad and the states were constantly _________

united, poor and hungry, trade, defied, discontent, respect, among themselves

12

that stronger union come with a new document:

the constitution

13

what was the first attempt of the colonies at organized government among all the colonies

articles of confederation

14

once the war was over and freedom had been won, what became difficult

it became difficult for people to give up their own individual freedoms for the sake of a national government

15

(central government or no central government) to declare war and negotiate peace

central government had power

16

(central government or no central government) to regulate trade and commerce

central government did not have power

17

(central government or no central government) to borrow money

central government had power

18

(central government or no central government) to raise an army and navy

central government had power

19

(central government or no central government) to levy taxes

central government had no power

20

(central government or no central government) to prohibit states from issuing their own money

central government had no power

21

(central government or no central government) to act directly against individuals or states

central government had no power

22

(central government or no central government) to establish post offices

central government had power

23

due to the federal government lacking some of the above powers, what happened

articles of confederation simply did not work

24

the articles of confederation was the ______ of the newly formed government

first constitution

25

what is a confederation

loose alliance

26

3 features of the articles of confederation

1. created a unicameral (one house) legislature
2. each state received one vote
3. only power delegated to congress was law making

27

quarreling began over _______ (land beyond the appalachians) and ________

the new territory, tariffs between states

28

the new government __________ and soldiers who fought _________, yet they had no power to raise money or force the states to pay the taxes owed to the federal government. (there was _______ to enforce laws)

owed huge debts to other nations, had not been paid, no executive branch

29

what did the economic depression do to the colonists

it left many farmers and merchants with great personal debts and no way of repaying them

30

weaknesses of the articles of confederation

1. congress had no power to levy taxes
2. congress had no power to regulate trade
3. each printed its own currency
4. in order to pass laws, 9/13 states had to approve the law
5. amending the articles required unanimous approval of all 13 states
6. federal government had no executive branch
7. no federal court system