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Flashcards in Chapter 2-1 and 2-2 Deck (102)
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1

the earliest English settlers brought them knowledge of a political system that had been developing for centuries in England. What did it establish?

laws, customs, practices, and constitutions

2

what is ordered government

orderly regulation of their relationships with one another (government)

3

what is a representative government

the idea that government should serve the will of the people

4

what is a limited government

the idea that government is not all powerful

5

what is the magna carta (1215)

a document written in 1215 that introduced the rights of trial by jury and due process of law.

6

what is petition of right (1628)

limited the king's power in several ways. the document demanded that the king no longer imprison or otherwise punish any person but by lawful judgments of his peers, or by the law of the land. also insisted that the king not impose marital law on people

7

list 4 key elements of the english bill of rights

1. right to a fair trial
2. freedom from excessive bail
3. free from cruel and unusual punishment
4. free elections

8

what are royal colonies and list an example

were subject to the direct control of the crown. has bicameral legislature

includes New Hampshire, Massachusetts, NY, New Jersey, VA, N. Carolina, S. Carolina, and Georgia.

9

what are proprietary colonies and list an example

organized by a proprietor, a person to whom the king had made to control land. has unicameral body

includes Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware

10

what are charter colonies and list an example

governors are elected each year by white, male proprietary owners. charters were also called self governing colonies

includes Connecticut and Rhode Island

11

what is the difference between bicameral and unicameral legislature

bicameral consists of two houses, as in legislature while unicameral consists of one house, as in a legislature

12

the shape of american government is based on the english political idea of

ordered government, representative government, and limited government (all of the above)

13

Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware were

proprietary colonies

14

which of the following was a characteristic of the royal colonies

the governors and their council shared the power to tax and spend

15

the colonies were settled for all of the following reasons except

to provide a homeland for native americans

16

what is an act

law

17

what is boycott

refusal to buy

18

what is duty

tax on imported goods

19

what is embargo

ban on trade

20

what is intolerable

unacceptable, unbearable

21

what is liberty

freedom, independence

22

what are mercenaries

hired soldiers

23

what is a militia

everyday citizens who are trained as soldiers

24

what are minute men

colonial militia in Boston

25

what is levy

a tax; to tax

26

what is revenue

government funding that comes from taxes

27

what is tyranny

oppression

28

what are hessians

german mercenaries

29

what is a loyalist/tory

(conservative) against the war, maintain allegiance to britain

30

what is a neutralist

didn't choose a side