Chapters 10, 11, and 12 Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapters 10, 11, and 12 Test Deck (236)
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1

each term of congress starts on _________ of odd numbered years and lasts for ___ years

january 3, 2

2

each term of congress is divided into two _____, or meetings

sessions

3

congressional sessions often last from after christmas (january) to ____________

november or next xmas holiday

4

congress remains in session until its members vote to ________

adjourn

5

house membership = _______ members that serve _____ terms

435, 2 year

6

senate membership = __________ members that serve ____ terms

100, 6 year

7

census - ________________ that occurs every ____ years

official count of population, 10

8

what is reapportionment

the act of redistributing the 435 representative seats every 10 years after the census

9

_________ occurs every 10 years, after the completion of census

reapportionment

10

re-districting - the process of ____________

realigning the districts after the reapportionment takes place

11

historically, legislatures have abused their power when re-districting...why?

in order to gain advantage for their party. this is called gerrymandering

12

what is gerrymandering

the political party controlling the state government draws a district's boundaries to GAIN AN ADVANTAGE in elections

13

what is packing

drawing the lines so one's district includes as many of the opposing party's voters as possible

14

what is cracking

dividing an opponent's voters into other districts

15

most members of congress are knowledgable at _________/_________

business, law

16

other __________ member include law, agriculture, education, public service, etc

occupations of congress

17

_________ - one who is already in a public office

incumbents

18

PACs = ___________

political actions committees

19

4 reasons why incumbents are often reelected

1. easy to raise campaign funds
2. district has been gerrymandered in their party's favor
3. have name recognition
4. use their position in office to solve problems for their constituents

20

how long is a term in the house of representatives

2 years

21

the number of house members representing each state is recalculated every

10 years

22

when congress adjourns, it

ends a session

23

what does it mean to reapportion seats in the house of representatives

the number of house seats for each state is changed based on population changes

24

a house district drawn to give an advantage one political party is

a gerrymander

25

how many senators are up for reelection every two years

one third

26

because a majority of senators are always experienced, the senate is said to be

a continuous body

27

a member of congress who votes based on the wishes of his or her constituents operates in which of the following roles

delegate

28

to run for senate, a person must be at least how old

30

29

what is the historical reason for americans choosing a bicameral system

the british parliament and most colonial legislatures were bicameral

30

what is a practical reason for americans choosing a bicameral system

bicameralism settled the conflict between the virginia and new jersey plans of 1787 and reflected american federalism