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Flashcards in Declaration of Independence Deck (52):
1

four main purposes for having a government according to paine

1. provide security against violence
2. to uphold the laws
3. to protect the property of individuals
4. to punish crime

2

quote from thomas paine

"society in every state is a blessing, but a government even in its best state is but a necessary evil"

3

what did thomas paine believe was america's destiny? why?

he believed america's destiny was to be a free and independent colony

4

according to paine, why was great britain interested in america

great britain was interested in america for the economic benefit of great britain

5

who pro-war pamphlet did thomas paine publish in january 1776

common sense

6

what did paine argue

he argued that america should no longer be a colony to britain and should be an independent country

7

what happened on june 11, 1776

the second continental congress appointed a committee of 5 men to draft a document that declared the thirteen colonies free and independent from britain

8

what did the committee need to explain most importantly

the committee needed to explain why separation was the only fitting solution to the long standing disputes with parliament and the british crown

9

who were the 5 men on the committee

john adams, ben franklin, thomas jefferson, robert livingston, and roger sherman

10

when was the DOI document submitted to congress

june 28, 1776

11

who was the president of the congress

john hancock

12

how many signatures are on the declaration of independence

56 (john hancock signed first)

13

in writing the document jefferson drew together the ideas of what thinkers

john locke and thomas hobbes

14

what was the purpose of the declaration

justify the revolution by the colonists and put forth the founding principles of the new nation

15

more than any other action of the second continental congress, the declaration of independence served to make the american colonists what

one people - "united" to achieve independence

16

how old is the united states

239 years old (make sure to show math)

17

what is abdicated

give up the throne

18

what is annihilation

destruction

19

what is despotism

all powerful

20

what is impel

force someone to do something

21

what are insurrections

rebellion

22

what is naturalization

process by which foreign born persons become citizens

23

what is the preamble

statement at the beginning of the document that sets forth the purposes of the document

24

what is quartering

housing

25

what is relinquish

give up

26

what are usurpations

unjust use of power

27

first sentence of the declaration of independence

we hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness

28

5 significances of the declaration of independence

1. birth of the united states
2. foundation for democratic government
3. inspiration for equality
4. influence on the constitution
5. impact on other revolutions

29

the primary purpose of the declaration of independence was to

justify the revolt of the american colonists against great britain

30

in writing the declaration of independence, thomas jefferson based his argument for american independence on the idea that

people have natural rights as human beings

31

which action can be justified by the political philosophy expressed in the declaration of independence

a group of rebels tries to overthrow a repressive government

32

according to the declaration of independence, a government's power comes from

the people

33

the right of the people to overthrow a tyrannical government is a main theme of which document

declaration of independence

34

what good governments should do

1. make laws that benefit the people
2. change itself if the people want
3. give power to people - not just a king
4. serve people fairly
5. give all people the right to live, be free, and seek happiness

35

what did the declaration of independence do

declared war against england

36

where did the continental congress meet

philadelphia

37

describe what had been sent to the king

a petition was prepared and sent to the king requesting that no further oppressive acts be committed against colonies

38

what was the name given to the militiamen surrounding boston

minutemen/continental army

39

describe the green mountain boys victories

under the leadership of ethan allen, attacked and captured the british stronghold at fort ticonderoga on the route between new york and canada. from ticonderoga the green mountain boys advanced to crown point and seized it.

40

what was george III's reaction to the petition sent by the colonists

he refused to consider the "rebel" petition and employed 20,000 hessian troops

41

what was the sentiment of the resolution by richard henry lee on june 7, 1776

committee supported the declaration created by lee

42

what happened on july 4, 1776

declaration of independence was adopted during the continental congress

43

what happened on august 15, 1776

50 members of the congress signed the document

44

briefly describe the 4 parts of the document below

1. preamble - described the purpose of the document
2. declaration of natural rights - help man attain rights of all men being created equal
3. lists of all grievances - against the king and attempts made by colonies to remain loyal
4. formal declaration for war colonies have declared themselves free and independent states

45

what did the newly independent state put themselves in

they put themselves in open defiance of the king of england

46

who was the main author of the declaration of independence

thomas jefferson

47

when did the second continental congress pass the declaration of independence

july 4, 1776

48

when did fighting in the american revolution first break out

april 1775

49

what kind of rights are listed in DOI

unalienable rights

50

what is the purpose of government

serve its people

51

According to the declaration, what powers belong to the United States "as free and independent states"?

they have the full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other acts and things which independent states may of right do

52

From what source do governments derive their "just powers"

deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed