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Flashcards in Declaration of Independence Deck (52)
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1

four main purposes for having a government according to paine

1. provide security against violence
2. to uphold the laws
3. to protect the property of individuals
4. to punish crime

2

quote from thomas paine

"society in every state is a blessing, but a government even in its best state is but a necessary evil"

3

what did thomas paine believe was america's destiny? why?

he believed america's destiny was to be a free and independent colony

4

according to paine, why was great britain interested in america

great britain was interested in america for the economic benefit of great britain

5

who pro-war pamphlet did thomas paine publish in january 1776

common sense

6

what did paine argue

he argued that america should no longer be a colony to britain and should be an independent country

7

what happened on june 11, 1776

the second continental congress appointed a committee of 5 men to draft a document that declared the thirteen colonies free and independent from britain

8

what did the committee need to explain most importantly

the committee needed to explain why separation was the only fitting solution to the long standing disputes with parliament and the british crown

9

who were the 5 men on the committee

john adams, ben franklin, thomas jefferson, robert livingston, and roger sherman

10

when was the DOI document submitted to congress

june 28, 1776

11

who was the president of the congress

john hancock

12

how many signatures are on the declaration of independence

56 (john hancock signed first)

13

in writing the document jefferson drew together the ideas of what thinkers

john locke and thomas hobbes

14

what was the purpose of the declaration

justify the revolution by the colonists and put forth the founding principles of the new nation

15

more than any other action of the second continental congress, the declaration of independence served to make the american colonists what

one people - "united" to achieve independence

16

how old is the united states

239 years old (make sure to show math)

17

what is abdicated

give up the throne

18

what is annihilation

destruction

19

what is despotism

all powerful

20

what is impel

force someone to do something

21

what are insurrections

rebellion

22

what is naturalization

process by which foreign born persons become citizens

23

what is the preamble

statement at the beginning of the document that sets forth the purposes of the document

24

what is quartering

housing

25

what is relinquish

give up

26

what are usurpations

unjust use of power

27

first sentence of the declaration of independence

we hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness

28

5 significances of the declaration of independence

1. birth of the united states
2. foundation for democratic government
3. inspiration for equality
4. influence on the constitution
5. impact on other revolutions

29

the primary purpose of the declaration of independence was to

justify the revolt of the american colonists against great britain

30

in writing the declaration of independence, thomas jefferson based his argument for american independence on the idea that

people have natural rights as human beings