Flashcards in 3.3 Water Soluble Vitamins Deck (28):
B1 refers to what vitamin?
Thiamine is a coenzyme in what situations?
Decarboxylations of alpha keto acids such as pyruvate
What deficiency is involved in Thiamine deficiency?
What deficiency is found in alcoholics and is characterized by a loss of memory. This is also a deficiency of Thiamine.
How is Riboflavin used in metabolism?
As FAD, It is used in metabolic pathways
Riboflavin is also called what?
Vitamin B3 is also called?
What vitamin is used in the metabolism as NAD+ and NADP
Niacine deficiency is connected to what disorder?
Pellagra (3 D's --> Dermatitis, Diarrhea, Dementia)
What are the 3 D's of Pellagra?
Dermatitis, Diarrhea and Dementia
Other name for Vitamin B5
What is Vitamin B5 (Pantothenate) used for in metabolism?
Synthesis of Coenzyme CoA
What vitamin is Pyrodoxine?
What vitamin is used in the metabolsim as a coenzyme for decarboxylases and aminotransferase (transaminase) reactions?
What vitamin is required for Heme synthetic pathway?
Biotin (B7) has what important role in metabolism?
Coenzyme in CO2 fixation in carboxylation reactions
What is avidin and how is involved with Vitamin B7?
Avidin is an egg white protein that forms with biotin so that biotin cannot properly perform its function
Another name for Vitamin B7
Folic Acid is involved in what 2 important parts of metabolism?
One Carbon Metabolism
Essential for Purine and Pyrimidine Synthesis
What is a major disease occurring from a Folic Acid deficiency
Vitamin B12 is also called what?
How is Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) used in metabolism
Required in synthesis of Methionine and Isomerization of methylmalonyl CoA
What occurs during a B12 deficiency?
Methyl form of Tetrahydrofolate (N5 methyl) accumulates and cannot be used to help form Methionine.
What two vitamins are involved in megoblastic anemia?
Vitamin C is also called?
What vitamin is involved in metabolism as a coenzyme in hydroxylation reactions
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
A deficiency in Vitamin C is characterized by what?
Defective formation of collagen fibers of CT