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Flashcards in 4Cutaneous Deck (46)
0

Infections extend deeper into the epidermis

Invasive hair
Nail diseases

1

Skin and nail only

Epidermophyton

2

Hair, skin, nail

Trichophyton

3

Species that invade skin and hair

Canis
Gypseum

4

Keratinophilic fungi

Dermatophytes

5

Resistant to cyclohexamide

Dermatophytes

6

3 groups depending on habitat

Antropo
Geo
Zoophilic

7

Geophilic

Gypseum

8

Antropo

Rubrum

9

T or f? Reinfection is possible

True, large inoculum is needed

10

Ringworm of the scalp

Capitis

11

Hair invasion is divided into 3 parts

Ectothrix
Endothrix
Favus

12

T or f? In ectothrix, cuticle is destroyed and fluoresce a green yellow under wood lamp

T

13

Example of favus species

Trichophyton schoenleinii

14

Communicable ectothrix infection

Gray patch ringworm

15

Endothrix infection

Black dot

16

Typical annular lesions on the smooth parts of the body

Tinea corporis

17

Tinea corporis acquired from?

Cats and dogs

18

Chronic infections

T rubrum

19

T or f? Corporis Survive off human body as spores

True

20

Ringworm of the bearded area

Barbae

21

Barbae common among

Farmworkers

22

Tinea barbae etiologic agent

Mentagrophytes

23

Ringworm of the groin, perineum, perianal areas

Cruris

24

Tinea cruris is commonly known as

Jock itch

25

Etiologic agent of jock itch

E floccossum

26

Cruris _______ with inflamm vesicular enlarging

Circinate
Serpiginous

27

Most common fungal infection among adolescents

Tinea pedis

28

3 main forms of tinea pedis

Mocasin
Interdigital
Vesicular

29

Sudden appearance of itchy painful blisters; instep, heel or ball of the foot

Vesicular

30

Mocasin form is found in

Soles

31

Involvement of nails by dermatophyte

Unguium

32

Nail infections caused by non dermophytic fungi

Onychomycosis

33

Unguim begins at what part of nail? Termed as?

Lateral or distal
"Par- onychial"

34

Transmission of tinea unguium

Sharing of clothes
Human contact
Zoophilic

35

Pigments?
M canis
T mentagrophytes
T rubrum
E flocossum

Lemon yellow
Less intense red
Burgundy red
Khaki green

36

Flat granular colony radiating

Tonsurans

37

Suede colony

Floccosum

38

Colony of m canis

Cotton or wooly

39

Sugary surface

M gypseum

40

Clavate macroconidium, absent micro

Epidermo

41

Present microconidium with clavate or fusiform

Trichophyton

42

Acute phase Foot infections tx

Kmno4

43

Chronic phase foot infections tx

Powder am
Cream pm

44

Barrel, pointed macroconidia

Canis

45

Barrel, rounded macroconidia

M gypseum