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Flashcards in 5/11 Deck (86)
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61

What is present in AIN urine

WBCs and eosinophils

62

Hallmark EKG of ventricular aneurysm

Persistent ST-segment elevation after a recent MI and deep Q waves in the same leads

63

Immunofluorescence of bullous pemhigoid

IgG and C3 distributed linearly along BM zones

64

Pemphigus vulgaris Ab

Surface bound IgG to desmoglein

65

What is adjustment disorder characterized by

Increased anxiety, depression, or disturbed behavior that develops in response to a stressor

66

4 features of atypical depression

1. Hypersomnia
2. Increased appetite
3. Rejection sensitivity
4. Leaden paralysis

67

Most important steps in management of lactic acidosis from septic shock

IV Normal saline with or without vasopressor therapy to maintain the intravascular pressure and Ab

68

Can laboring patients w/ placental abruption deliver?

Yes, unless mother is hypotensive w/ severe bleeding or if the condition of the fetus deteriorates

69

Inevitable vs Incomplete abortion

Inevitable: products of conception may be seen or felt at or above cervical os
Incomplete: some products of conception expelled and some remain

70

Arrhythmias after MI

Immediate (0-10 min) - reentrant ventricular (f-fib)
Delayed (10-60 min) from abnormal automaticity

71

3 causes for travelers diarrhea lasting longer than 2 wees

1. Cryptosporidium
2. Cyclospora
3. Giardia

72

What causes Amebiasis

Entamoeba histolytic (bloody diarrhea from Asia)

73

How does type IV RTA present? Who gets it?

Hyperkaelmia, mild renal insufficiency, and non anion-gap metabolic acidosis
-Pt's with poorly controlled DM get it

74

GAS treatment in kids vs adults

Always test in children w/ rapid streptococcal antigen testing prior to starting Ab

75

What is needed to make dx of delayed sleep phase syndrome

Accurate history and/or sleep diary

76

Caustic poisoning presentation

Dysphagia, severe pain, heavy salivation, and mouth burns
*not change in consciousness*

77

Bitter almond odor with

Cyanide inhalation

78

2 things elevated in Pagets

Alk phos
Urinary hydroxyproline levels

79

5 AE w/ amioderone

1. Pulm fibrosis
2. Thyroid dysfunction
3. Hepatotoxic
4. Corneal deposits
5. Blue skin color

80

Levodopa/Carbidopa AE

1. Hallucinations
2. Dizziness
3. Headache
4. Agitation

81

TSS presentation

Fever, myalgias, marked hypotension, and diffuse erythematous macular rash

82

Azathioprine tox

Dose related diarrhea, leukopenia, and hepatoxocity

83

major tox of mycophenolate

bone Marrow suppression

84

Main cyclosporine AE

Nephrotoxicity
Hyperkaelmia
Hypertension
Gum hypertrophy
Hirsutism
Tremor

85

MC cyclosporine AE

Nepphrotoxicty

86

What causes HTN in thyrotoxicosis

Hyper dynamic circulation resulting form increased myocardial contractility and heart rate