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Flashcards in 5/13 Deck (68)
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31

3 things on WPW EKG

1. Shortened PR interval
2. Delta waves
3. Widening of QRS

32

What is not elevated in acute pericarditis

aVR (reciprocal depression)

33

What is Dressler's syndrome

Pericarditis that occurs weeks after an MI, due to immunologic phenomena

34

Cyanide tox tx

Sodium thiosulfate

35

Primary vs 2nd hyper PTH labs

2nd wil have much higher PTH and low to normal serum Ca levels

36

What is erysipelas

Sudden onset of a sharply-demarcated erythematous tender skin lesion with raised borders + Fever
Due to GAS

37

Diffusely narrow colon or "microcolon" on neonates Ab xray

Meconium ileus

38

Where is the obstruction in Hirschsprungs

Rectosigmoid colon

39

Finasteride MOA

5-alpha reductase inhibitor

40

What is sympathetic opthalmia

Damage to one eye after penetrating injury to the other, due to uncovering of hidden antigens

41

Mass outside of the testis that does not change with position

Spermatocele

42

What brain bleed site has eyes deviating towards hemhorrage

Thalamic

43

What stroke has deep coma and total paralysis w/in minutes

Pons
*look for pinpoint pupils*

44

Atraumatic hip pain + Lupus + Normal xray

Osteonecrosis -->get MRI

45

What is needed for bipolar II

Hypomanic episode(s) + at least one major depressive episode

46

Hairy cell leukemia tx

Cladribine

47

Why firm uterus in abruption

Blood may have a uterotonic effect, and will have usually low-amplitude frequent contractions

48

Down's test before 10 weeks gestation

Cell-free fetal DNA

49

Two downs tests that offer definitive karyotype diagnosis

Chorionic villus sampling and amniocentesis

50

Tx for scaphoid fracture

Wrist immobilization for 6-10 weeks
*If X-ray non-diagnostic, repeat x-ray in 7-10 days for CT*

51

Aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease triad

1. Asthma
2. Chronic rhinosinusitis w/ nasal polyps
3. Bronchospasm w/ asthma

52

3 things given to woman in labor at

1. Steroids
2. Tocolytics
3. Mag sulfate

53

Erythema nodosum in young AA women think? what else do you see

Sarcoidosis
Will also see cough, arthritis, uveitis, and hilar adenopathy

54

3 dietary recs for patients w/ renal calculi

1. Increased fluid intake
2. Decreased sodium intake
3. Normal dietary calcium intake

55

Wegner's Ab

c-ANCA

56

3 reasons for post-op cholestasis

1. Increased pigment load from transfusion
2. Decreased liver functionality
3. Dec bilirubin excretion

57

Retinal detachment symptoms

Sudden onset of photophobia and floaters and "curtain coming down over eyes"

58

Drug induced lupus drugs

Hydralazine
Procainamide
Isoniazid

59

Exudative effusion _ was is seen in complicated parapneumonic effusion

Pleural fluid (pH

60

Clubfoot management

Initially w/ stretching and manipulation of the foot, followed by serial plaster casts, malleable splints, or taping