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Flashcards in 6a - Sheet1 Deck (495)
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271

palamino

a coat color in horses, consisting of a gold coat and white mane and tail; Due to their distinct color, palominos stand out in a show ring, and are much sought after as parade horses

272

palmetto

a short, scrubby palm that grows in the coastal plain of Florida and other southeastern states. Its fan-shaped leaves have sharp, saw-toothed edges that give the plant its name

273

panspermism

the hypothesis that life on Earth originated from microorganisms from outer space

274

pantonal

giving equal importance to each of the 12 semitones of the octave

275

paraclete

advocate or helper. In Christianity, the term paraclete most commonly refers to the Holy Spirit.

276

paracosm

A paracosm is a detailed imaginary world created inside one's mind. This fantasy world may involve humans, animals, and things that exist in reality; or it may also contain entities that are entirely imaginary, alien, and otherwordly

277

paranomasia

the use of words or phrases to exploit ambiguities and innuendoes in their meaning,usually for humorous effect; a play on words. An example is: "Ben Battle was a soldier bold, And used to war's alarms:But a cannonball took off his legs, So he laid down his arms."

278

parapraxis

Fruedian slip

279

paratactic

a literary technique, in writing or speaking, that favors short, simple sentences, with the use of coordinating rather than subordinating conjunctions (from Greek for 'act of placing side by side'; from para, 'beside' and tassein, 'to arrange'; contrasted to syntaxis or hypotaxis)

280

parimutuel

Betting pool in which those who bet on competitors finishing in the first three places share the total amount bet minus a percentage for the management. First introduced in France c. 1870, it soon became one of the most popular methods of betting on horse races internationally.

281

pasha

higher rank in the Ottoman Empire political and military system, typically granted to governors, generals and dignitaries and others. As an honorary title, Pasha, in one of its various ranks, is equivalent to the British title of Lord,

282

pater

father

283

peccant

having committed a fault or sin; offending.

284

peculation

to steal or take dishonestly (money, especially public funds, or property entrusted to one's care); embezzle.

285

peignoir

a woman's light dressing gown or negligee.

286

pelorus

a reference tool for maintaining bearing of a vessel at sea. It is a "dumb compass" without a directive element, suitably mounted and provided with vanes to permit observation of relative bearings

287

pensoroso

a vision of poetic melancholy by John Milton.

288

peristyle

a columned porch or open colonnade in a building surrounding a court that may contain an internal garden

289

pharmacopia

book containing directions for the identification of compound medicines, and published by the authority of a government or a medical or pharmaceutical society.

290

phylactary

a small leather box containing Hebrew texts on vellum, worn by Jewish men at morning prayer as a reminder to keep the law.

291

pineal

the "principal seat of the soul", produces melatonin, a serotonin derived hormone, which affects the modulation of sleep patterns in both seasonal and circadian rhythms

292

pitchblende

a brown to black mineral that consists of massive uraninite, has a distinctive luster, contains radium, and is the chief ore-mineral source of uranium

293

piton

a metal spike that is driven into a crack or seam in the rock with a hammer, and which acts as an anchor to protect the climber against the consequences of a fal

294

plagal

(of a church mode) containing notes between the dominant and the note an octave higher, having the final in the middle

295

planar

two-dimensional in quality

296

plein

of or relating to painting in outdoor daylight : of or relating to a branch of impressionism that attempts to represent outdoor light and air

297

plenum

the quality or state of being full

298

polecat

Ferrets are the domesticated form of European polecats. Texan

299

polyandry

a woman takes two or more husbands at the same time

300

prong

each of two or more projecting pointed parts at the end of a fork. each of the separate parts of an attack or operation.