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Anatomy & Physiology I > A&P 1.06 > Flashcards

Flashcards in A&P 1.06 Deck (33)
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1

Trapezius

Divisions

Upper
Middle
Lower

Because their attachments and actions are different

2

Trapezius - three different parts

Upper fibers

A, O, I

A -
bilaterally: extend the head and neck
Unilaterally: elevate the scapula (scapulothoracic joint) & upwardly rotate the scapula (s/t) joint


O - superior nuchal line, EOP (external occipital protuberance) and nuchal ligament (axial)
I - lateral 1/3 clavicle (anterior surface/appendicular)

Named for its shape

3

Trapezius

Named for

Shape - trapezoid

4

Bony attachments to know

- EOP or external occipital protuberance
- superior nuchal line of the occiput
- spinous process
- lat 1/3 of clavicle
- spine of the scapula
- ligamentum nuchae: ligament that extends posteriorly and runs from EOP to the S.P. of the C7

5

Bones of spine and thorax

Cervical vertebrae - 7

Thoracic vertebrae - 12

Lumbar vertebrae - 5

Breakfast at 7, lunch at 12 and dinner at 5

6

Cervical, thoracic and lumbar

Trail 172

Check diagrams on trail page 172

7

Bones and landmarks of head, neck and face

Trail guide 228

8

Bones of shoulder and arm

Trail guide 48

9

Nervous system

Functions

Sensations
Integration
Motor response

9

Nervous system

Structures

Brain
Spinal chord
Nerves
Sensory receptors

10

Nervous system

Sensations

sensory recptors detect stimuli within and outside the body

11

Nervous system

integration

integrates sensory information by analyzing and storing some of it and by making decisions for appropriate responses.

12

Nervous system

Motor Response

Once sensory stimuli is received, the nervous system may elicit an appropriate motor response

13

Types of glands

Exocrine
Endocrine glands

14

Endocrine glands

Ductless
Secrete directly into the bloodstream



15

Endocrine system

Structure

Glands that secrete hormones into the blood

16

Endocrine system

Functions

Regulate body activities and balance/homeostasis via negative feedback loops

17

Feedback mechanisms

List 2 primary systems

Nervous and endocrine systems are primary feedback mechanisms

Maintaining our homeostasis

18

Transverse plane

Horizontal plane

Divides upper and lower

19

Horizontal movements

Horizontal abduction
Horizontal adduction

20

Horizontal abduction

To take away from the midline in the horizontal plane

21

Horizontal adduction

To move toward the midline in the horizontal plane

22

Oblique plane

Some combination of 2 other planes

At some diagonal slice/motion

23

Abdominopelvic quadrants

Horizontally and vertically at the belly button

Right upper quadrant
Left upper quadrant
Right lower quadrant
Left lower quadrant

24

Right lower quadrant

Contents

Appendix
Ascending colon
1/2 urinary bladder

25

Right upper quadrant

Contents

Most of liver
Gall bladder
Ascending colon - transverse colon

26

Left upper quadrant

Contents

Stomach
Spleen
Pancreas
Transverse colon - descending colon

27

Left lower quadrant

Contents

Descending colon
1/2 urinary bladder
Rectum

28

Disease

Defined

Pathology = disease


any impairment of health or normal function

29

Detecting disease

Signs
Symptoms
Diagnosis