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Flashcards in A&P 1.01 Deck (35)
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Anatomy

Study of body structure

1

Physiology

Study of body function

2

Pathology

Study of disease

3

List life processes

Metabolism
Responsiveness
Movement
Growth
Reproduction
Differentiation

4

Metabolism

All chemical processes, adding up or down

Anabolism - adding up

Catabolism - decomposition or cutting down

5

Responsiveness

Ability to detect and respond to changes in our internal or external environment

Sense internal change

React to external change

6

Movement

At any level; whole body, cells, organs, organelles

Includes exchange

7

Exchange

Movement of substances in or out of an organism or its parts

Includes:

Absorption
Excretion
Secretion

8

Absorption

Movement into something

9

Excretion

Movement from inside out (waste)

10

Secretion

Release of substances from a cell for transportation to another part of the organism (product)

11

Growth

Increase in number or size of cells leading to an increased size of organism

12

Reproduction

Forming a new cell or organism

13

Differentiation

Specialization from undifferentiated stem cells

14

Levels of organization in the body (7)

Chemical
Organelles
Cellular
Tissue
Organ
System
Organism

15

Chemical

Molecules

16

Organelles

Molecules working together; structures within a cell

17

Cellular

Organelles coming together to make cells

18

Tissue

A collection of similar cells and material between them

19

Organ

Tissues working together

20

System

Organs working together

21

Organism

All systems combine to make an organism

22

Unity

Constants that run through every level of the organization

23

Emergence

Increasing levels of organization where new properties emerge

24

Anatomical position

Standing upright
Arms at side
Palms forward
Feet pointing forward

25

Supine

Recling, face up

26

Prone

Reclining, face down

27

Superior

Above, towards the head

28

Inferior

Below, toward the lower part

29

Medial

Closer to the midline