A&P 1.03 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy & Physiology I > A&P 1.03 > Flashcards

Flashcards in A&P 1.03 Deck (39)
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quadriceps femoris

4 sided on the thigh

comprised of 4 separate muscles that converge on a single insertion and form the "quadriceps group"

generally refered to as a single group and one muscle

1

rectus Femoris

straight/femur - runs straight up along the front of the thigh

only head that does not attach to the femur

2

rectus femoris

O,I,A

named for the direction of it's fibers and it's location
O: AIIS (anterior inferior illiac spine)
I: Tibial tuberosity
A: hip flexion & knee extension

3

vastus medialis

huge/medial - large muscle on medial thigh

4

vastus intermedius

large muscle in between vastus lateralis and vastus medialis

deep to rectus femoris on anterior thigh

5

vastus lateralis

large muscle on lateral thigh

6

Extracellular Fluids

Fluids outside the cells
2 major categories: interstitial & Plasma
can include lymph, CSF, synovial, etc

7

Interstitial Fluid

In the spaces between the cells

8

Plasma

liquid fluid part of the blood

9

Lymph

Fluid part of lymphatic system

10

Intercellular Fluids

within the cells

11

Tissue

groups of cells

12

cephalic

Head

13

Cranial

Skull

14

caudal

tail; toward the buttocks

15

ipsilateral

same side

16

contralateral

opposite side

17

Bilateral

two sides

18

Unilateral

one side

19

sagittal plane

vertival plane fromfront to back that divides a body or an organ into right and left sides

20

midsagittal

equal halves

21

parasagittal

sagittal but unequal halves

22

flexation

decrease in angle between articulating joints in a sagittal plane

23

extension

increase in angle between articulating joints in a sagittal plane

24

axial skeleton

skull, spine, ribs, sternum, hyoid & auditory ossicles

25

appendicular skeleton

limbs and girdles

26

girdles

pectoral (shoulder): scapula, clavical

pelvic (hip): Illium, pubis, ischium

27

muscular system

structure

skeletal muscle, smooth muscle (organs) & cardiac muscles (heart)

individual and voluntary

28

Muscular system

functions

movement, stabilization, temperature

29

Muscular system - movement

body movements, organ movements, heart movments, smiling, etc