Abbreviations - Units 12 & 13 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Abbreviations - Units 12 & 13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abbreviations - Units 12 & 13 Deck (35):
1

ad lib

as desired

2

ADL

activities of daily living

3

BR

bed rest

4

BRP

bathroom privileges

5

W/C, WC

wheel chair

6

PDR

physician's desk reference

7

AMA

American Medical Association

8

CDC

center for disease control

9

ENT

ears, nose, throat specialist (otorhinolaryngologist)

10

kg

kilogram

11

L

liter

12

lb, #

pound

13

ml, mL

mililiter

14

OTC

over-the-counter (no prescription required)

15

oz

ounce

16

DTaP

diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (usually given to children younger than 7 years old)

17

HepA

hepatitis A vaccine

18

HepB

hepatitis B vaccine

19

Hib

haemophilus influenza B vaccine

20

IPV

polio vaccine (inactivated polio vaccine)

21

MMR

measles, mumps, rubella (vaccine)

22

Tdap

tetanus-diphtheria - acellular pertussis (usually given to children over 7 years old)

23

VAR

vericella (chicken pox vaccine)

24

Diphtheria

a serious disease caused by a toxin made by bacteria that causes a thick coating in the back of the nose or throat that makes it hard to breathe or swallow. Can be deadly

25

Tetanus (Lockjaw)

causes painful tightening of the muscles, usually all over the body which can lead to "locking" of the jaw so the victim cannot open his mouth or swallow. Tetanus leads to death in up to 2/10 cases

26

Acellular

vaccines that contain inactivated cells

27

Pertussis (whooping cough)

a highly contagious respiratory disease known for uncontrollable, violent coughing which often makes it hard to breathe. After fits of many coughs, someone with pertussis often needs to take deep breathes which result in a "whooping" sound. Pertussis most commonly affects infants and young children and can be fatal, especially in babies less than 1 year of age.

28

Hepatitis A

a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus. Children with the virus often have no symptoms, but they can pass it on to their parents or caregivers, who can get very sick

29

Hepatitis B

a liver disease that results from infection with the Hepatitis B virus. It can range in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, lifelong illness. Hepatitis B is usually spread when blood, semen, or another body fluid from a person infected with the Hepatitis B virus enters the body through sexual contact with an infected person or sharing needles, syringes, or other drug-injection equipment. Hepatitis B can also be passed from an infected mother to her baby at birth.

30

Haemophilus

a bacterium that can cause a severe infection, occuring mostly in infants and children younger than five years of age that can cause lifelong disability and be deadly.in spite of its name, Haemophilus influenzae bacteria do not cause influenza.

31

polio

Contagious viral illness, paralysis, breathing problems, death, can affect spinal cord

32

measles

a highly contagious viral disease -can be fatal, fever, cough, runny nose, conjunctivitis, rash all over body (pneumonia and encephalitis) 5 days

33

mumps

a contagious disease that leads to painful swelling of the salivary glands, fever headache, muscle ache, tiredness, loss appetite 7-10 days

34

rubella (German measles)

or three-day measles, is a contagious viral infection best known by its distinctive red rash that primarily affects the skin and lymph nodes. Rubella is usually transmitted by droplets from the nose or throat that others breathe in, but can also pass through a pregnant woman's bloodstream to infect her unborn, it can cause congenital rubella syndrome in developing babies.

35

varicella (chicken pox)

Mild childhood disease, serious in young infants and adults, spread from person to person through the air, or by contact with fluid from chicken pox blisters, severe skin infection, scars, pneumonia, brain damage, or death.