Flashcards in Abbreviations - Units 12 & 13 Deck (35):
activities of daily living
physician's desk reference
American Medical Association
center for disease control
ears, nose, throat specialist (otorhinolaryngologist)
over-the-counter (no prescription required)
diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (usually given to children younger than 7 years old)
hepatitis A vaccine
hepatitis B vaccine
haemophilus influenza B vaccine
polio vaccine (inactivated polio vaccine)
measles, mumps, rubella (vaccine)
tetanus-diphtheria - acellular pertussis (usually given to children over 7 years old)
vericella (chicken pox vaccine)
a serious disease caused by a toxin made by bacteria that causes a thick coating in the back of the nose or throat that makes it hard to breathe or swallow. Can be deadly
causes painful tightening of the muscles, usually all over the body which can lead to "locking" of the jaw so the victim cannot open his mouth or swallow. Tetanus leads to death in up to 2/10 cases
vaccines that contain inactivated cells
Pertussis (whooping cough)
a highly contagious respiratory disease known for uncontrollable, violent coughing which often makes it hard to breathe. After fits of many coughs, someone with pertussis often needs to take deep breathes which result in a "whooping" sound. Pertussis most commonly affects infants and young children and can be fatal, especially in babies less than 1 year of age.
a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus. Children with the virus often have no symptoms, but they can pass it on to their parents or caregivers, who can get very sick
a liver disease that results from infection with the Hepatitis B virus. It can range in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, lifelong illness. Hepatitis B is usually spread when blood, semen, or another body fluid from a person infected with the Hepatitis B virus enters the body through sexual contact with an infected person or sharing needles, syringes, or other drug-injection equipment. Hepatitis B can also be passed from an infected mother to her baby at birth.
a bacterium that can cause a severe infection, occuring mostly in infants and children younger than five years of age that can cause lifelong disability and be deadly.in spite of its name, Haemophilus influenzae bacteria do not cause influenza.
Contagious viral illness, paralysis, breathing problems, death, can affect spinal cord
a highly contagious viral disease -can be fatal, fever, cough, runny nose, conjunctivitis, rash all over body (pneumonia and encephalitis) 5 days
a contagious disease that leads to painful swelling of the salivary glands, fever headache, muscle ache, tiredness, loss appetite 7-10 days
rubella (German measles)
or three-day measles, is a contagious viral infection best known by its distinctive red rash that primarily affects the skin and lymph nodes. Rubella is usually transmitted by droplets from the nose or throat that others breathe in, but can also pass through a pregnant woman's bloodstream to infect her unborn, it can cause congenital rubella syndrome in developing babies.