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Flashcards in Abd Ana Deck (110)
1

Hasselbach or Inguinal triangles Boundaries

SUP LAT inf epigastric a INFERIOR LATERAL inguinal or pouparts ligament MEDIAL rectus abdominis

2

Rectus sheath border above arcuate line

ANTERIOR external and internal oblique POSTERIOR internal oblique and transversus abdomnis

3

Rectus sheath border below arcuate line

ANT external and internal oblique plus transversus abdominis POSTERIOR transversalis fascia

4

Inguinal canal boundaries

ANT eom aponeurosis POST transversalis fascia and conjoint tendon SUP internal oblique plus transversalis abdominis INF inguinal ligament

5

Contents of inguinal canal

Ilioinguinal nerve L1 plus Spermatic cord male or Round ligament female

6

Layers of abdominal wall 9

Skin Superficial fascia Campers Scarpas Deep fascia Muscles Transversalis fascia Extreaperitoneal fat Parietal peritoneum

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Derivative of superficial fascia

DARTOS MUSCLE causing wrinkled appearance of scrotum

8

External oblique derivative

External spermatic fascia

9

Internal oblique derivative

Cremasteric ms NS genital branch of genitofemoral n L1 L2

10

Transversalis fascia derivative

Internal spermatic cord

11

Peritoneum derivative

tunica vaginalis

12

Retroperitoneal organs KIDDAPAUan 8

Kidney IVC Duodenum1 Desc colon Asc colon Pancreas Abd aorta Ureter

13

Boundaries of Epiploic Foramen of Winslow

Connects greater and lesser sac ANTERIOR Hepatoduodenal ligament Portal vein Hepatic artery cbd POSTERIOR ivc SUP caudate lobe of liver INF superior part of duodenum

14

What structure found in Hepatoduodenal ligament

Portal triad ANT LEFT hepatic a ANT RIGHT cbd POSTERIOR portal vein

15

Branches of celiac a

at T12 parang kidney LEFT GASTRIC A SPLENIC A Left gastroepiploic Short gastric HEAPTIC A Right gastric R and L hepatic Gastroduodenal

16

SMA branches at

L1 Inferior Pancreaticoduodenal Middle colic Right colic Ileo colic Jejunal ileal

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Forgut derivatives

Duodenum 2 plus structures before it

18

IMA location

L3

19

Bufircation of aorta at

L4

20

Transverse colon BS

SMA and IMA both midgut and hindgut

21

BS Duodenum 2nd part

Celiac plus SMA both foregut and midgut

22

Portal vein

SMV plus Splenic v NOTE that IMV drains into spleen

23

Drainage R and L hepatic veins

IVC

24

Drainage R gonadala and R suprarenal veins

IVC

25

Drainage of L gonadal and L suprarenal V

L renal v

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Drainage of R gastroepiploic v

SMV

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Drainage of L gastroepiploic v

Splenic vein

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R colic v

SMV

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L colic v

IMV

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Cardia of stomach

T10 to T11 vertebra

31

Pyloric Canal

anywhere within L2 to L4 Vertebra

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Lesser curvature BS

L and R gastric arteries

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Greater Curvature BS

L and R gastroepiploic arteries

34

BS Fundus of stomach

Short gastric a

35

Esophagus relation to vagus

LARP left vagus anterior right vagus posterior

36

Duodenum parts

SUPERIOR 1ST anterolateral to body of L1 DESCENDING 2nd descends along L1 to L3 HORIZONTAL 3rd crosses L3 ASCENDING begins at L3 ascends to L2

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BS upper part Duodenum

Superior pancreaticoduodenal a from Gastroduodenal

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BS lower duodenum

Inferior pancreaticoduodenal a from SMA

39

Unique location of Brunners gland

Descending duodenum 2nd

40

Ligamentum Teres

Round ligament also GUBERNACULUM near GB quadrate

41

Ligamentum venosum

Proximal to IVC caudate

42

Urachus Median

umbilical ligament

43

Ductus venosum

Ligamentum Venosum

44

Left Umbilical vein

Ligamentum Teres or Round Ligament or Gubernaculum

45

Umbilical artery

Medial umbilical ligament

46

Foramen ovale

Fossa ovalis

47

ductus arteriosus

Ligamentum arteriosum

48

Liver biopsy done at

Right 10th ICS in MAL

49

Ito cells location and function

Space of Disse liver for storage of fat

50

Cystohepatic triangle boundaries

Triangle of Callot SUPERIOR liver INFERIOR cystic duct MEDIAL common hepatic duct

51

BS of gallbladder

Cystic artery from hepatic artery

52

Structures anterior of sigmoid

Male bladder Female Vagina and Uterus

53

Iliopsoas insertion and ns

lesser trochanter of femur NS L2 L3 L4

54

Muscle of the loin

Psoas ms

55

Sacral Plexus

L4 to S4

56

Kumbar plexus

L1 to L4

57

Sciatic nerve

L4 to S3

58

Kidney vertebral anatomic location

T12 to L3

59

3 Ureteric constrictions

Where renal pelvis joins the ureter Where ureter crosses over the pelvic brim and external iliac artery Where it pierces the bladder wall

60

Abdominal visceral pain fibers deramtome

T5 to L1 dermatome

61

Renal colic dermatome

T11 to L2

62

Urianry Bladder border

s MALE BASE seminal vesicle and vas deferens SUPERIOR SURFACE sigmoid colon and ileum INFEROLATERAL space of Retzius

63

Urianry Bladder borders

FEMALE BASE cervix and upper vagina SUPERIOR uterus INFERIOR space of Retzius

64

True embryologic kidney

meTanephros

65

Temporary embroyologic kidney

mesonephros which is ALSO wolffian duct

66

Origin of Bladder

Vesical part of UROGENITAL SINUS

67

Pelvic brim borders

ANT symphisis pubis LAT iliopectineal line POST sacral promontory

68

Above pelvic brim

False pelvis Greater pelvis Pelvis major

69

Below pelvic brim

True pelvis Lesser pelvis Pelvis minor

70

Pelvic inlet boundary

ANT symphisis pubis LAT iliopectineal line POST sacral promontory

71

Pelvic outlet boundary

ANT pubic arch LAT ischial tuberosities POST tip of coccyx

72

Muscles of pelvic diaphragm

COCCYGEUSand LEVATOR ANI iliococcygeus pubococcygeus puborectalis

73

Perineum Boundaries

ANT symphisis pubis LAT ischial tuberosities INF sacrun and coccyx

74

Perineum triangles

UROGENITAL and ANAL TRIANGLE

75

UROGENITAL TRIANGLE

scrotal root penis or in female external genitalia and orifices of urethra and vagina

76

ANAL TRIANGLE

anal canal external anal sphincter and iscioanal fossa

77

Lacerated during episiotomy

Perineal body

78

Perineal body convergence of 3 structures

Bulbospongiosus External anal sphincter Superficial and deep transverse perineal ms

79

Boundaries of perineal body

BASE anal triangle LAT Obturator internus muscle and fascia MEDIAL levator ani

80

Iliac artery Branches

ANT division Female 6 OBTURATOR A UMBILICAL A Superior vesical a UTERINE A Vaginal a MIDDLE RECTAL A INTERIOR PUDENDAL A INFERIOR GLUTEAL A

81

Iliac artery Branches

ANT division Male 6 OBTURATOR A UMBILICAL A INFERIOR VESICAL A MIDDLE RECTAL A INTERIOR PUDENDAL A INFERIOR GLUTEAL A

82

Iliac artery Branches

POSTERIOR 3 Iliolumbar Lateral Sacral Superior gluteal

83

Branches of pudendal nerve 3

Inferior rectal Dorsal nerve to penis or clitoris Perineal

84

Pudendal block

done to Pudendal noerve as is crosses the ischial spine

85

Block to abolish pain on the anterior part of perineum

Ilioinguinal block

86

Pain of chilbirth dermatome

S2 to S5

87

Functions of pudendal 4

1urinary continence 2fecal continence 3erection 4expulsion urine or sperm

88

Indifferent stage of sexual devt ie INDIFFERENT GONADS

no gonadal sex until 7th wk

89

MENsonephric vs Faramesonephric

M for MALE Mesonephric ducts and F for FEMALE Paramesonephrict ducts

90

Urogenital Sinus and derivatives 3 parts

VESICAL PART urinary bladder PELVIC PART urethra prostate PHALLIC PART genital tubercle that becomes the PENIS

91

Wolffian duct derivatives

MALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS MENsonephric duct Epididymis Vas deferens Ejaculatory suct

92

Mullerian duct derivatives

FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS Faramesonephric duct Uterine tubes Uterus Vagina upper part

93

Vasectomy ligates

Vas deferens

94

Contents of spermatic cord 6

1Pampiniform plexus 2Ductus deferens 3Cremasteric ms 4Testicular a 5Artery to ductus deferens 6Genital branch 7Sympathetic n 8Lymphatics

95

Capacitation of sperm cell

Epididymis

96

Fertilization time

12-24 hrs post ovulation

97

2 cell stage

30 hours post FERTILIZATION

98

Morula

3 days

99

Blastocyst

5 days

100

Implantation in endometrium

7 days post FERTILIZATION secretory phase

101

Ejaculatory duct

seminal vesicle plus vas deferens

102

BS to vagina

vaginal a from internal iliac

103

Genital tubercle derivative

M or F M Glans penis Corpus cavernosum and spongiosum Bulbourethral or Cowpers glans F Clitoris Vestibular glands Greater vestibular gland or Bartholin

104

Glans penis

Clitoris GENITAL TUBERCLE

105

Corpus spongiosum and cavernosum

Vestibular bulbs GENITAL TUBERCLE

106

Bulbourethral glands or Cowper in Males

Greater vestibular glands or Bartholin glands UROGENITAL SINUS

107

Prostate gland

Urethral and paraurethral OR SKENEs glands UROGENITAL SINUS

108

Ventral shaft of penis

Labia minora UROGENITAL SINUS

109

Scrotum

Labia Majora

110

Contents of cardinal ligament

Uterine artery and vein