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Flashcards in OBGYN general concepts Deck (221)
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1

Estrogen from ovaries

Estradiol

2

Estrogen from placenta

Estriol

3

Estrogen from adrenal cortex and converted in thecal cell

Estrone

4

Estrone and testosterone converted in theca cells

Estradiol

5

2 cells in testes

Leydig and Sertoli

6

2 cells in ovary

Theca cells and Granulosa cells

7

Sequence of puberty

1 thelarche 2 pubic hair growth 3 growth spurt 4 menarche

8

How many hours does the egg have to be fertilized

24 hours

9

How many days does the sperm have to fertilize the egg

1 to 5 days

10

Progesterone production in pregancy

1st trisem CORPUS LUTEUM 2nd and 3rd trisem PLACENTA

11

Growth hormone of pregnancy

human placental lactogen or human chorionic somatotrophin

12

Functional unit of ovary

ovarian follicle

13

oocytes at fetal period at birth at onset of puberty

oocytes at fetal period 6 TO 7 MILLION at birth 1 TO 2 MILLION at onset of puberty 400 000

14

2 arrests in fetal gameteogenesis

primary oocyte arrested ON 5th months AOG at PROPHASE I secondary oocyte arrested at METAPHASE II

15

Mid cycle pain

Mittelschmerz caused by Corpus hemorrhagicum

16

Luteal cells of the corpus luteum

Theca cells and Granulosa cells

17

After ovulation we get 9 to 11 days of corpus luteum releasing progesterone to maintain anticipated pregnancy until

It notes the absence of pregnancy

18

earliest histological sign of progesterone action

BASAL VACUOLATION

19

Menstrual cycle phase with LOW progesteron SLOWLY RISING estrogen levels

early follicular phase

20

Menstrual cycle phase with LOW progesteron RAPIDLY RISING estrogen levels

Late follicular phase

21

Elevated level of progesterone

Luteal phase and pregnancy

22

PREOVULATORY PHASE of ovarian cycle

follicular

23

PREOVULATORY PHASE of endometrial cycle

proliferative

24

PREOVULATORY PHASE length

variable 7 to 21 days

25

PREOVULATORY PHASE beginning and end

day 1 to ovulation

26

PREOVULATORY PHASE basal body temp

low basal

27

PREOVULATORY PHASE dominant hormone and source

estrogen from Follicular granulosa cells

28

PREOVULATORY PHASE histology

straight tubular glands

29

PREOVULATORY PHASE cervical mucus

thin and watery

30

PREOVULATORY PHASE function

replacement of the endometrial cells lost during menses