OBGYN Anatomy Flashcards Preview

My board exam flashcards > OBGYN Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in OBGYN Anatomy Deck (83)
1

Branches of pudendal nerve 3

Inferior rectal Dorsal nerve to penis or clitoris Perineal

2

Pudendal block

done to Pudendal noerve as is crosses the ischial spine

3

Block to abolish pain on the anterior part of perineum

Ilioinguinal block

4

Pain of chilbirth dermatome

S2 to S5

5

Functions of pudendal 4

1urinary continence 2fecal continence 3erection 4expulsion urine or sperm

6

Indifferent stage of sexual devt ie INDIFFERENT GONADS

no gonadal sex until 7th wk

7

MENsonephric vs Faramesonephric

M for MALE Mesonephric ducts and F for FEMALE Paramesonephrict ducts

8

Urogenital Sinus and derivatives 3 parts

VESICAL PART urinary bladder PELVIC PART urethra prostate PHALLIC PART genital tubercle that becomes the PENIS

9

Wolffian duct derivatives MALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS

MENsonephric duct 1 Seminal vesicle 2 Ejaculatory duc 3 Vas deferens 4 Epididymis

10

Mullerian duct derivatives FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS

Faramesonephric dct 1 Uterine tubes 2 Uterus 3 Cervix 4 Vagina upper part one fourth

11

Vasectomy ligates

Vas deferens

12

Contents of spermatic cord 6

1Pampiniform plexus 2Ductus deferens 3Cremasteric ms 4Testicular a 5Artery to ductus deferens 6Genital branch 7Sympathetic n 8Lymphatics

13

Capacitation of sperm cell

Epididymis

14

Fertilization time

Fertilization time 12-24 hrs post ovulation

15

2 cell stage

2 cell stage 30 hours post FERTILIZATION

16

Morula Morula

3 days

17

Blastocyst Blastocyst

5 days

18

Implantation in endometrium

7 days post FERTILIZATION secretory phase

19

Ejaculatory ducts

seminal vesicle plus vas deferens

20

BS to vagina

vaginal a from internal iliac

21

Genital tubercle derivative M or F

M Glans penis Corpus cavernosum and spongiosum Bulbourethral or Cowpers glans F Clitoris Vestibular glands Greater vestibular gland or Bartholin

22

Glans penis

Clitoris GENITAL TUBERCLE

23

Corpus spongiosum and cavernosum

Vestibular bulbs GENITAL TUBERCLE

24

Bulbourethral glands or Cowper in Males

Greater vestibular glands or Bartholin glans or Vulvovaginal glands UROGENITAL SINUS

25

Prostate glandS

Lesser vestibular glands or Urethral andn paraurethral glands OR SKENEs glands UROGENITAL SINUS

26

Ventral shaft or portion of the penis

Labia minora UROGENITAL FOLDS

27

Scrotum

Labia Major UROGENITAL SINUS

28

Contents of cardinal ligament

Uterine artery and vein

29

Prostatic utricle

Vagina

30

Seminal collilucus

Hymen

31

Paramesonephric duct in Males

Appendix of testes

32

Ductus deferens Ejaculatory duct and Seminal vesicle in females

Gartners duct

33

Gubernaculum testis in males

Round ligament of uterus containing ARTERY OF SAMPSON

34

Urogenital sunus derivates in Females

1 Lower three fourths of vagina 2 Vestibule 3 Bladder 4 Urethra

35

Wollfian duct in females

Gartners duct

36

Urogenital Sinus derivatives males

1 Urinary bladder 2 Prostate gland 3 Bulbourethral glands

37

Ureteric bud or metanephric duct derivative

1 ureter 2 renal pelvis 3 calyces 4 collecting system

38

Metanephric mesenchyme derivatives

1 renal tubules 2 glomerulos

39

Parts of vulva 5

1 mons pubis 2 clitoris 3 urinary meatus 4 labia majora and minora 5 vestibule

40

Openings of the vestibule

6 1 hymen in vaginal opening 2 urethral opening 3 paired paraurehtral opening 4 paired Bartholin glands

41

Vagina epithelium

stratified squamos non keratinized epithelium without glands

42

Pouch of Douglas

separates upper one fourth of vagina from rectum

43

Surgical access to pelvic cavity

Posterior fornix

44

BS upper one third vagina

branch of internal iliacn artery INTERNAL ILIAC A UTERINE A which becomes vaginal artery

45

BS lower one third of vagina

middle rectal and internal pudendal artery

46

BS to perineum

Internal iliac artery

47

Epithelium of endocervix

Mucous secreting highly ciliated COLUMNAR epith

48

epithelium of ectocervix

Non keratinized stratified squamos epithelium

49

Layers of the uterus 3

1 endometrium 2 myometrium 3 serosa

50

Layers of the endometrium 2

1 stratum functionale SPIRAL ARTERIES 2 stratum basale STRAIGHT ARTERIES

51

Layers of the stratum functionale

1 sona spongiosa 2 zona compacta

52

Broad ligament contents 6

1 fallopian tubes 2 ovaries 3 ovarian vessels 4 uterine vessels 5 ovarian ligament 6 round ligament

53

Major support of uterus and cervix

cardinal ligament

54

eponyms of cardinal ligament

transverse cervical ligament or mackenrodt ligament

55

Keeps uterus in anteversion round ligament

umaabot ito hanggang labia majora

56

ectopic pregnancy at 8 to 12 weeks presentation

ampulla

57

Ovary found at

at common ilian bifurcation

58

Location of primodial and graffian follcles

in ovary outer cortex

59

branches of uterine artery

Vaginal a and Cervicovaginal a

60

Injured during radical hysterectomy

Genitofemoral nerve and obturator nerve

61

Injured during prolonged dorsal lithotomy position or improper placement of legs in stirrups

Peroneal n

62

Injured during dissection of obturator fossa

external iliac artery

63

Injured during inguinal node dissection

femoral n

64

injured due to to straddle or giving anesthetic for second stage of labor

pudendal artery producing large hematoma

65

Damaged due to pressure form lateral blade of a self retaining retractor during abdominal histerectomy

femoral n

66

separates indirect hernia from femoral hernia

pubic tubercle

67

Borders of false pelvis

ANT lower abdomen POST lumbar vertebra LATERAL iliac fossa

68

Boundaries of pelvic inlet

POST promontory and alae of sacrum LATERAL linea terminalis ANTERIOR symphysis pubis and pubic rami

69

true pelvis boundaries

SUPERIOR pelvic inlet INFERIOR pelvic outlet ANTERIOR 1pubic bones 2 ascending rami of ischial bones 3 obturator foramina LATERAL 1 ischial bones 2 sacrosciatic notch

70

Shortest distance between the sacral promontory to the UPPER margin of symphysis pubis

True or Anatomic conjugate 11cm

71

Shortest distance between the sacral promontory to the LOWER margin of symphysis pubis

Diagonal conjugate This is the only one mesured clinically ADEQUATE greater than 11.5

72

Obstetric conjugate

DC minus 1.5 or 2 ADEQUATE IS greater than 10

73

Smallest plane in through which the baby must pass

Midpelvis OR Interspinous diameter ADEQUATE is greater than 10 This is found between the ischial spines

74

ISCHIAL SPINE

answer to ANY anatomical question if no idea

75

Pelvic type Face delivery

Anthropoid

76

Pelvic type Poor prognosis for Vaginal delivery

Android

77

transverse arrest during delivery Pelvic type

Android

78

No difficulties in vaginal birth

gynecoid and anthropoid

79

male pelvis

Android

80

ape like pelvis

Android

81

Injured during oophorectomy

SUSPENSORY LIGAMENT OF OVARIES containing ovarian vessels

82

Broad ligament components

Mesosalphinx Mesovarium Mesometrium

83

Location of ovarian vessels

SUSPENSORY LIGAMENT OF OVARIES containing ovarian vessels