Abdominal Emergencies GI/GU Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abdominal Emergencies GI/GU Deck (29):
1

Hematemesis

Blood in the vomit

2

Melena

black tarry stools

3

liver and spleen

45% blood volume

4

bleeding in organs

solid organs bleed and hollow organs leak

5

Stokes Adams

alternates 1st degree, 3rd degree, 1st degree

6

"high grade"

2 or more atrial P waves in a row fail to conduct

7

Peritoneum

Abdominal cavity lining
Double walled structure
divides, peritoneal cavity and Retroperitoneal

8

Bile is made by what organ?

Liver

9

Hollow organs

Stomach
Gallbladder
Appendix

10

Solid Organs

Liver
Spleen
Kidney
Pancreas
Ovaries

11

What are accessory GI structures

Salivary glands

12

Pancreas physiology

secretes insulin, bicarbonate

13

Peri-umbilical

Stomach
Abdominal Aorta

14

Suprapubic

inguinal

15

Melena

blood in stool

16

Hematemesis

Vomiting of blood

17

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in peritoneal cavity

Ascites

18

Calculus

Kidney or gallbladder stones

19

What does the appendix carry?

Bacteria

20

Visceral Pain

vague or poorly localized

21

Somatic Pain

Sharp, localized

22

Referred pain

Originates in region other thhan where its felt

23

Grey turners sign

Retroperitoneal bleed

24

Cullen's Sign

Subcutaneous edema and bleeding around the umbilicus

25

Palpate from?

least to most painful

26

Murphy's sign

Pt may stop breathing on inspiration due to pressure on GB (push up and down on it)

27

MS for abdominal pain is?

BHPO

28

Abdominal pain for how long requires Tx

6hrs

29

7 F's for cholecystitis

Fat
Forty
Fertile
Family history
Flatulent
Female
Fair skinned