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Flashcards in CAD Deck (21):
1

CAD

Any disease or process that causes abnormalities in the coronary vessels

2

2 types of CAD

Atherosclerosis
Arteriosclerosis

3

Arteriosclerosis

Hardening of the arteries due to calcium deposit accumulating in walls of the vessels

4

Arteriosclerosis leads to?

HTN and AAA

5

Atherosclerosis

Accumulation of the fatty material (Cholesterol) in the lumen (Intima and Media)

6

Left anterior decending artery is known as?

widow maker

7

Complications of CAD

Hypertension
Angina
Acute MI
Arrhythmias
Aneurysm
CVA/TIA
Heart Failure
Cardiogenic Shock
Syncope
Myocardial enlargement

8

Injury

Tissue damage, some functionality returns

9

Infarction

Tissue death (4-6min) never function

10

Angina

Transient myocardial ischemia.
O2 demands exceed the blood supply

11

More prone to MI

Women, diabetics, age

12

Angina duration

usually lasts for about 3-5minutes

13

Chest discomfort special ?'s

Nausea/vomiting, dizziness, syncope, SOB

14

Angina due to spasm of coronary artery. #1 cause= exposure to cold

Prinzmetal

15

STEMI

ST elevation myocardial infarction

16

Silent MI

10-20% have no pain
common in diabetics

17

STEMI centers (cath lab)

Alvarado
Balboa
Palomar
Sharp Chula Vista
Sharp Memorial
Sharp Grossmont
Try-City
UCSD Hillcrest/Thornton
Scripps Mercy
Scripps memorial La Jolla
Scripps memorial Encinitas
Scripps Mercy Chula Vista

18

goal for MI

overall <3hrs from onset of pain

19

non STEMI

2/3 of cardiac patients, no ST elevation

20

Pericardial Tamponade

accompanied by pulsus paradoxus

21

Pulsus Alternous

Pulse alternates strong weak
(left ventricle systolic impairment)