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Medical Block > Geriatrics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Geriatrics Deck (27):
1

Ageism

discrimination against aged or elderly people.

2

Gerontology

study of effects of aging and of age related diseases on humans.

3

Geriatrics

study and treatment of diseases of the aged.

4

Elderly

>65 years of age

5

2040 geriatrics will be what % of population

20% of population

6

Menopause

Both genders 45-55yrs
Decreased estrogen: Mood swings, night sweats, hot flashes

7

Common complaints in the elderly

Insomnia
Dysphagia
Inability to void
Constipation/ diarrhea

8

Geriatric constipation causes

poor diet, antihistamines, pain meds, malignancy

9

7th leading cause of death over age 65

Pneumonia

10

High risk patients are ____?

?

11

How many cases of PE's per year?

650,000
100,000 primary cause of death. (first 2 hrs after onset critical)

12

Atelectasis

collapsed alveoli and bronchioles

13

Vital capacity decreased by 50% by what age

75

14

Breathing capacity by 75 decreases what %?

60%

15

Max O2 uptake is what %?

70%

16

PAo2 decreases how much at 75

90TORR - 70TORR

17

Renal system poor tone

bladder doesn't completely empty, senses frequent need to urinate.

18

Renal System prostate enlarges

> Urinary retention
> frequency

19

How much brain mass is lost by age 70

10%

20

What % over 65 have Delirium or dementia

15%

21

Delerium duration

Sudden onset and self limiting, may be reversed.

22

Dementia

Chronic global cognitive impairment, usually progressive or irreversible

23

best known form of dementia

Alzheimer's disease

24

3 stages of Alzheimers

Early: loss of recent memory, mood swings
Intermediate: can’t learn new material, wandering, loss of self care
Terminal: regress to infant stage, can’t walk, swallow, bowel and bladder

25

Primary vs Secondary Parkinsons

Secondary has a known cause

26

What causes Parkinson's

idiopathic

27

Parkinson's meds

Sinemet (levadopa), Cogentin, Parlodel