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Flashcards in acid base and electrolyte imbalance Deck (67)
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1

for cells to function optimally

metabolic processes must maintain a steady balance between acids and bases found in the body

2

acid-base represents

homeostasis of hydrogen (H+) ion concenter in body fluids

3

hydrogen shifts

between extracellular and intracellular compartments to compensate for acid-base imbalance

4

minor changes in hydrogen have

major effects on normal cellular function

5

ABG

the needle goes into the artery to check how well lungs works

6

arterial ph is an

indirect measurement of hydrogen ion concentration and is a result of respiratory and kidney compensation function

7

arterial blood is

most commonly used to evaluate acid base balance

8

the ph is the expression of the

balance between carbon dioxide (C02), which is regulated by the lungs, and bicarbonate (HC03) base regulayed by kidneys

9

compensation

refers to the process by which body attemps to correct changes and imbalances in ph levels

10

full compensation

occurs when ph level of blood returns to normal (7.35-7.45)

11

if ph level is not able to normalize

partial compensation

12

acid base imbalances are

result of insufficient compensation

13

respiratory and kidney function play a

a large role in the body's ability to effectively compensate for acid-base alterations

14

organ dysfunction negatively

affects acid base compensation

15

less than 7.35

acidosis

16

greater than 7.45

identify as alkalosis

17

identify PaCO2 less than 35 or greater than 45

respiratory in orgin

18

identify HCO3 less than 22 or greater than 26 mEq/L

metabolic in orgin

19

evaluate the pa02 and Sa02 if results are less than the expected client is

hypoxic

20

uncompensated

ph is outside the expected reference range. and either HCO3 OR PACO2 IS outside the expected reference range

21

fully compensated

ph is within the expected reference range, but PaCo2 and HCO3 are both outside the expected range

22

ph is less than 7.40

acidosis

23

ph greater than 7.40

alkalosis

24

electrolytes

minerals in body that can conduct electricity

25

where are electrolytes found

urine, blood, tissues, as well as other body fluids
- as well as food, drinks, and supplementd

26

specific electrolytes

potassium
sodium
calcium
magnesium

27

electrolytes are responsible for

- balancing the amount of water in body
- balancing the bodys ph
- moving waste out of body cells
- moving nutrients into body cells
- allowing body muscles heart, nerves, and brain to function properly

28

average persons weight is

1/2 to 2/3 water
- crucial to maintaining the balance of water in body

29

dehydration

person is unable to drink enough fluids to compensate for excess water loss

30

thirst

results from nerve centers in brain being stimulated when body needs water