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Flashcards in chapter 6: health and wellness Deck (21)
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1

healthy people

- provides evidence-based 10-year national objectives for promoting health and preventing disease
- identifies leading health indicators, high priority issues
- promote holistic approach

2

health

- state of complete physical, mental, social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
- state of being that people define in relation t their own values, personality, and lifestyle

3

models of health and illness

- models help explain complex concepts or ideas such as health and illness
- health beliefs

health behaviors
- positive
- negative

4

maslows hierarchy of needs

- used to understand the interrelationships of basic human needs

5

holistic health model

attempts to create conditions that promote optimal health

6

internal variables influencing health beliefs and practices

- developmental stage
- intellectual background
- perception of functioning
- emotional factors
- spiritual factors

7

external variables influencing health beliefs and practices

- family role and practices
- social determinants of health

8

health promotion

helps individuals maintain or enhance their present health

9

health education

helps people develop a greater understanding of their health and how to better manage their health risks

10

illness prevention

protects people from actual or potential threats to health

11

primary prevention

true prevention that lowers the chance that a disease will develop

12

secondary prevention

focuses on those who have health problems or illness and are at risk for developing complications or worsening conditions

13

tertiary prevention

occurs when a defect or disability is a permanent or irreversible

14

risk factors

variables that increase the vulnerability of an individual or a group to an illness or accident

15

risk factors include

- non-modifiable risk factors
- modifiable risk factors
- environment

16

transtheoretical model of change

- precontemplation
- contemplation
- preparation
- action
- maintenance

17

illness

state in which a persons physical, emotional, intellectual, social, developmental, or spiritual functioning is diminished or impaired

18

illness behavior

involved how people montior their bodies and define and interpret their symptoms

19

internal variables

perception of illness and nature of illness

20

external variables

visibility of symptoms, social group, cultural background, economics, accessibility to health care

21

impact of illness of pt and family

- behavioral and emotional changes
- impact on body image
- impact on self concept
- impact on family roles
- impact on family dynamics