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Flashcards in ati mobility Deck (33)
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1

mobility

another way to say motion or movement
- body designed for motion requires muscles, skelton, and nerve to function in unison

2

nursing goal for mobility

assist in preserving, maintaining, and restoring as much mobility and function as possible

3

muscular system

- provides motor power
- 600 muscles
- half person weight
- when contracted across a joint, creates a force to pull against the skelton
- high demand for oxygen and glucose

4

four properties of a muscle

(CEEE)
- contractibility: ability to shorten and than relax
- Excitability: muscle fibers can receive and respond to nerve or hormone stem. resting muscle is negatively charged. When stimulated (excited), it becomes positively charged and active
- Extensibility: ability to stretch which occurs stimulations as other muscles contract
- elasticity: ability to bounce back or recoil to its original state after being contracted or extended

5

3 main muscle types

- cardiac: only located in heart and functions involuntarily
- smooth: located in blood vessels and the visceral organs and functions involuntarily
- skeletal: attached to skeleton by tendons and functions voluntarily

6

skeletal system

- 206 bones
- bones are hard connective tissue
- protect and support internal organs and muscles
- store important minerals
- composed of layers

7

once bones matured they undergo

process of remodeling where old bone is constantly being replaced with new bone

8

cartilage

firm yet flexible connective tissue
- ears, nose, larynx, ribs, intervertebral discs, knees, ankles

9

flexion

bend, reduces angle between bones

10

extension

straighten the limb

11

abduction

move away from baseline

12

adduction

bring closer to baseline

13

pronation

turning face backwards

14

supination

turing to face forward

15

circumduction

circular motion

16

rotation

side to side

17

inversion

turn inward

18

eversion

turn outward

19

dorsiflexion

draw toes upward towards body

20

plantar flexion

point toes downward away from body

21

body mechanics

combined effort from musculoskeletal system an nervous system to maintain posture, alignment, and balance in daily life
- knowledge in coordination and integrated function of both system to maximize strength and minimize strain
- good posture in motion

22

lordosis

lower back curves inward with pelvis tilting anteriorly

23

kyphosis

upper back is abnormal rounded with a forward tilt in pelvis

24

flat back

loss in curvature to the spine referred to as straight back

25

sway back

extends backward while lower back abnormally curves inward and the pelvis tilts forward
- positioning the head in front of the pelvis; resulting from loss of muscle tone in ab and lower back, which allows spine to sag

26

scoliosis

c or s shaping os spine

27

activity intolerance

inadequate amount of physical or phyiolgical energy to undergo or complete necessary activity

28

activity tolerance

capacity to successfully complete a necessary activity without distress

29

activity of daily living

basic essential skills that a person does independent every day and are usually related to personal care

30

proper positioning

intentionally placing body or body part in specific way
- involved alignment body in neutral position, supporting body natural curves, and eliminating pressure points, hyperextension or lateral rotation
- goals for client positioning and alignment consist of the two ps promotion and prevention