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Flashcards in Acronym Deck (20):
1

what are the DNA viruses

what is the only one that is single stranded DNA

DNA viruses are HHAPPPy

Hepadna (HBV=acute/chronic hepatitis)

Herpes (HSV-2=genital lesion, HSV-1=oral lesions, varicella zoster==chickenpox/shingles, EBV=mono/burkitt and hodkins lymphoma, HHV-6=roseola/exanthem subitum, HHV-8=kaposi sarcoma)

Adneo (pharyngitis, hemmorrhagic cystitis, pneumonia, conjunctivits)

Pox (smallpox, molluscum contagiosum)

Parvo (B19 virus=slapped cheeks syndrome/5th disease, hydrous fetalis in babies, arthritis in adults)

Papilloma (HPV=warts, CIN, cervical cancer)

Polyoma (JC virus=junky cerebrum/leukoencephalopathy in HIV, BK virus=Bad Kidney/transplant patients)

parvovirus is SSdna because its "par-of-a-virus"

2

G6PD deficiency RBCs are suceptible to, risk factors, and whats on peripheral smear?

"(oxidative) STRESS makes me eat BITES of FAVA BEANS with HEINZ ketchup"

3

Nerves for reflexes (biceps, triceps, patella, achilles, cremaster, anal wink reflex)?

Count Up:

S1,2 "buckle my shoe (achilles)
L3, 4 "kick the door" (patellar reflex)
C5, 6 "pick up sticks" (biceps reflex)
C7, 8 "lay them straight" (triceps reflex)

L1,2 "testicles move" (cremaster reflex)
S3,4 "winks galore" (anal wink reflex)

4

extraocular muscles 3,4, and 6 innervate

the "chemical formula" LR6SO4R3
lateral rectus=6
Superior oblique=4
rest=3

5

epidermis layers?

surface to deep=Come Let's Get Sun Burnt

Stratum Corneum (keratin)
Stratum Lucidum
Stratum Granulosum
Stratum Spinosum (spines=desmosomes)
Stratum Basale (stem cell site)

6

essential amino acids

ME, VAL, and LEUCI, ISOLated HIS PHEindish LYS THRE TRPs

Methionine
Valine
Leucine
Isoleucine
Histidine
Phenylalanine
Lysine
Threonine
Tryptophan

7

what drugs are eliminated by zero-order kinetics

PEA's are round like a 0 (zero)

Phenytoin
Ethanol
Aspirin

8

what are psammoma bodies seen in?

PSaMMoma bodies are seen in:

Papillary carcinoma of thyroid
Serous papillary cystadenocarcinoma of ovary
Meningioma
Malignant mesothelioma

9

things associated with the most common urinary tract cancer?

Transitional cell carcinoma

associated with problems in your Pee SAC

Phenacetin
Smoking
Aniline dyes
Cyclophosphamide

10

Potter syndrome is associated with?

POTTER syndrome:

Pulmonary hypoplasia
Oligohydramnios
Twisted face
Twisted skin
Extremity defects
Renal failure (in utero)

11

glycogen storage diseases?

Very Poor Carbohydrate Metabolism

Von Gierke disease (Glucose-6-phosphatase-hypoglycemia and increased blood lactate)

Pompe disease (lysosomal alpha 1-4 glycosides Cardiomyopathy)

Cori disease (alpha 1,6 glycosides-hypoglycemia and normal blood lactate)

Mcardle disease (Myophosphorylase--painful muscle cramps in exercise)

12

Acetylcholinesterase inhibitor poisoning symptoms?

DUMBBELSS

Diarrhea
Urination
Miosis
Bronchospasm
Bradycardia
Excitation (of muscle and CNS)
Lacrimation
Sweating
Salivation

13

retroperitoneal structures?

SAD PUCKER

Suprarenal
Aorta and IVC
Duodenum (2nd-4th)
Pancreas (except tail)
Ureters
Colon (ascending and descending)
Kidneys
Esophagus (lower 2/3rd)
Rectum

14

structures of the Brachial plexus

Randy Travis Drinks Cold Beer

Roots
Trunks
Divisions
Cords
Branches

15

drugs that inhibit cytochrome p450

CRACK AMIGOS

Ciprofloxacin
Ritonavir
Acute alcohol abuse
Cimetidine
Ketoconazole

Amioderone
Macrolides
Isoniazid
Grapefruit juice
Omeprazole
Sulfonamides

16

Drugs that induce Cytochrome p450

Gunness, Coronas, and PBRS, induce Chronic alcoholism

Griseofulvin
Carbamazepine
Phenytoin
Barbituates
Rifampin
St. Johns wort
Chronic alcoholism

17

what are the classes of antiarythmic medications

Some Block Potassium Channels

Sodium (Na) channel blockers
Beta blockers
Potassium (K) channel blockers
Calcium (Ca) channel blockers

18

what are the class 1 antiarythmics and which ones are each subclass

1A = Double Quarter Pounder
2B = Lettuce, Mayo, Tomato
3C = Fries Please

Disopyramide, Quinidine, Procainamide
Lidocaine, Mexiletine, Tocainide
Flecainide, Propafenone

19

what are the class 3 antiarythmic drugs

AIDS

Amioderone
Ibutalide
Diltiazem
Sotalol

20

how do you remember how to differentiate the two types of second degree heart blocks

longer, longer, longer, dropped thats a case of wenchebach

wenchebach (mobitz type 1)= PR interval gets increasingly long until a beat is dropped

mobitz type 2 = dropped beats but no increase in PR interval-->often in 2:1 ratio