acronyms Flashcards Preview

step 1 > acronyms > Flashcards

Flashcards in acronyms Deck (20):
1

which protein synthesis inhibitors attack which ribosomal subunits

Buy AT 30 CCELL at 50

30s subunit:
Aminoglycosides
Tetracyclines

Chloramphenical
Clindamycin
Erythromycin
Linezolid
Lincomycin

2

what are the therapeutic uses of tetracyclines like tetracycline, doxycycline, and minocycline

VACUM THe BedRoom

Vibrio Cholerae
Achne
Chlamydia
Ureaplasma urealyticum
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Tularemia
Helicobacter pylori
Borrelia burgdoferi
Rickettsia

3

drugs causing phototoxicity

SAT for a photo

Sulfonamides
Amioderone
Tetracycline

4

how do these three antibiotics work

Aminoglycosides
Tetracyclines
Macrolides

Aminoglycosides:
A "initiates" the alphabet-->aminoglycosides inhibit formation of initiation complex

Tetracyclines:
prevent attachment of ammoniacal-Trna

Macrolides:
macroSLIDES-->inhibit protein synthesis by blocking translocation

5

what does macrolides treat

PUS

Pneumonia-atypical (mycoplasma, chlamydophilia, legionella)
URI (S. pneumoniae, S. pyogenes)
STD (chlamydia, Gonorrhea)

6

what is the pneumonic to remember drugs you wouldn't think are self drugs

Sulfa Pills Frequently Cause Terrible Acute Symptoms

Sulfasalazine
Probenacid
Furosemide
Celecoxib
Thiazides
Acetazolamide
Sulfonylureas

7

what are the clinical uses of Metronidazole

GET GAP on the METRO

Protozoa:
Giardia
Entomeaba Histolytica
Trichomonas

Bacteria:
Gardnerella vagininalis
Anaerobic bacteria
Pylori (H. pylori)

8

what are the signs and symptoms of Lesch-Nyhan syndrome

defect in HGPRT enzyme for purine salvage pathway

Hyperuricemia
Gout
Pissed off (aggression, lip biting)
Retardation
dysTonia

9

what do the eukaryote polymerases alpha, beta, delta, and gamma each do respectively

Alpha
synthesize the lAgging strand

Delta
synthesize the leaDing strand

Beta
Base excision repair

gamma is your GRANDMAs polymerase
synthesize Mitochondrial DNA

10

what is the start codon

what is the stop codons

AUG inAUGurates protein synthesis (codes for methionine)

UGA=U Go Away
UAA= U Are Away
UAG= U Are Gone

11

what are the Rs of rifampin

it inhibits prokaryote Rna polymerase
Red secretions
RRRRRRevs up cytochrome p450

12

what end of the tRNA does aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase add an amino acid

3' at CCA (Can Carry Amino acids)

13

what are two syndromes demonstrate imprinting (at a loci one allele is active and the other is inactive depending on inheritance)

Prader-will syndrome and angelman syndrome

MAMA and POP diseases

Maternal gene
Angelmans
Mood-innapropriate happiness and laughter
Ataxia

Prader-Wili
Overeating, obesity
Paternal gene

14

what are the low potency antipsychotics which have a lot of anticholinergic, hypotension, and histamine side effects

Chlo and Thio are LOW thieves

Chlorpromazine
Thioridazine

15

What are the high potency antipsychotics which have less anticholinergic side effects but instead have extra pyramidal symptoms, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, and tardive dyskinesia

Tri to Fly HIGH

Trifluoperazine
Fluphenazine
Haloperidol

16

what are the atypical antipsychotics which have fewer extrapyrimidal and anticholinergic side effects but may cause weight gain

A! Ola, could you get cloz and risper quet

Apiprazole
Olanzapine
Clozapine
Risperidone
Quetiapine

17

what are the sign and symptoms a patient needs at least three of for him her to be considered to be having a manic episode

DIG FAST

Distractibility
irresponsibility
Grandiosity

Fast thoughts and speech
Activities/Agitation (does a million goals in a short amount of time)
decreased need for Sleep
Time (needs to be at least a weeks)

18

what are the side effects of lithium

LMNOP

Lithium side effects
Movement (tremor)
Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
HypOthyroidism
Pregnancy problems

19

to diagnose major depressive disorder a patient must have at least 5 symptoms of 2 or more weeks. what are these symptoms

Must have depressed mode or anhedonia

then SIG E CAPS

Sleep disturbances
lost of Interest
Guilt or feelings of worthlessness
Energy loss (fatigue)
Concentration problems
Appetite/weight changes
Psychomotor retardation or agitation
Suicidal ideations (or just an interest in death)

20

what are the symptoms of overdose by TCAs

the Tri-Cs

CNS toxicity --coma, convulsions
anitCholnergic effect
Cardiotoxicity