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Flashcards in Acronyms Deck (20):
1

what are the special characteristics of sarcoidosis

A GRUELING Disease

Ace enzyme increase
Granulomas (noncaseating)
Rheumatoid arthritis
Uveitis
Epitheloid granulomas (containing schaumann and astroid bodies)
Lymphadenopathy (bilateral hilar=pathognomonic)
Idiopathic
erythema Nodosum
Gammaglobinemia
vitamin D increase

2

how do we remember the characteristics of small cell and squamous cell carcinoma

The S sounds

central
cigarettes
secreting (secrete hormones sometimes)

3

what are the potential complications of lung cancer

a SPHERE of complications

Superior vena cava syndrome
Paraneoplastic syndromes (PTHrP, cushings, SIADH, lamber-eaton)
Horner syndrome (from pan coast tumor compressing cervical sympathetic plexus)
Esophageal invasion (dysphagia)
Recurrent laryngeal symptoms (hoarsness)
Effusions (pleural or pericardial)

4

what are the sulfa drugs

Popular FACTSSS

Probenacid
Furosemide
Acetazolamide
Celecoxib
Thiazides
Sulfonamide antibiotics (sulfamethoxazole (SMX), sulfisoxazole, sulfadiazedine)
Sulfasalazine (combo of sulfapyradine and 5-aminosalicylic acid)
Sulfonylureas (glipizide, glimepiride, tolbutamide)

5

what are the side effects of ACE inhibitors

captopril's CATCHH

Cough (increased bradykinin)
Angioedema (contraindicated in Cl esterase inhibitor deficiency)
Teratogen (renal malformations)
increased Creatinine (renal insufficiency--> decreased GFR)
Hyperkalemia
Hypotension

6

hypertension medications safe to use in pregnancy

Hypertensive Moms Love Nifedipine

Hydralazine
Methyldopa
Labetalol
Nifedipine

7

what are the causes of restrictive cardiomyopathy

you restrict your dog with a LEASH

Loffler syndrome
Endocardial fibroelastosis
Amyloidosis
Sarcoidosis
Hemachromatosis

8

signs and symptoms of kawasaki arteritis

CRASH and burn

Conjunctivits
Rupture of coronary artery aneurysms (possible complication)
lymphAdenopathy (cervical)
Strawberry tongue
Hands and feet (desquaminating rash)
Burn=fever

9

what are the organisms covered by ampicillin and amoxicillin (broader penicillins)

gram Positive organisms and HELPSS with enterococci

gram positives such as S. pneummococus and pyogenes
H. influenza
E. coli
Listeria
Proteus
Salmonella
Shigella
enterococci

10

what does nafcillin, dicloxacillin, methicillin cover

naf kills staph

S. aureus

11

what does ticarcillin, piperacillin, carbenicillin cover

(antipseudomanals)

pseudomonas aeruginosa

12

what does the 1st generation cephalosporins like cefazolin and cephalexin cover

PEK

Proteus mirabilis
E. coli
Klebsiella pneumoniae

13

what does the 2nd generation cephalosporins like cefoxitin and cefuroxime cover

HENS PEK

PEK is the same as 1st generation

Proteus mirabilis
E. coli
Klebsiella pneumoniae

HENS is
H. flu
Enterobacter aerogenes
Neisseria Spp.
Serratia

14

what do the third generation cephalosprins like ceftriaxone and ceftazidime cover

Ceftriaxone--meningitis and gonorrhea
Ceftazidime--Pseudomonas

15

what do the fourth generation cephalosporins like cefepime cover

huge spectrum but specifically increased activity against pseudomonas

16

what do the 5th generation cephalosporin like ceftraline cover

MRSA

17

what are the bacteria not covered by cephalosporins

organisms that aren't covered are LAME

Listeria
Atypicals
MRSA
Enterococci

18

what are the rise effects of vancomycin

generally well tolerated but NOT totally out of the RED

Nephrotoxicity
Ototoxicity
Thrombophlebitis

can cause Red Man Syndrome (diffuse flushing)

19

what types of infections does Pseudomonas aeruginosa cause

PSUEDOmonas

Pneumonia (cystic fibrosis patients)
Sepsis
External otits
UTI
Diabetic Osteomyelitis

20

what infections does H. flu cause

haEMOPhilus causes:

Epiglotitis
Meningitis
Otitis media
Pneumonia