acronyms Flashcards Preview

step 1 > acronyms > Flashcards

Flashcards in acronyms Deck (20):
1

what are the essential amino acids

ME, VAL, and LEUCI ISOLated HIS PHENdish LYS (lice) in THRE TRYs

2

what are the amino acids that can't be degraded in maple syrup disease

I LoVe Maple Syrup

Isoleucine
Leucine
Valine

3

what are the coagulation factors who synthesis is dependent on vitamin K

diSCo started in 1972

proteins C and S
factors x, ix, vii, and ii

4

what are the symptoms of pellagra (B3/niacin deficiency)

3 Ds

Dermatitis, Dementia, and Diarrhea

5

what enzymes is vitamin B1 (thiamine) a cofactor for

ATP

Alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase
Transketolase
pyruvate dehydrogenase

6

what does a deficiency in B1 cause

Ber1 Ber1

Beri beri:
dry=polyneuritis, muscle wasting (nerves)
Wet=dilated cardiomyopathy (heart)

7

what are the 2 C's of Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) deficiency

Cheilosis and Corneal vascularization

8

what is B5 (pantothenate) a essential component of

"pantothena becomes COA" it rhymes

essential component of coenzyme A

9

what is a unique SE of B6 (pyridoxine) deficiency

"low on B6 and your body flicks"

Deficiency can cause convulsions

10

What does vitamin B7 (biotin) do

"Buy-a-tin of CO2"

cofactor for carboxylation reactions (enzymes with carboxylase in their name)

11

what can cause a B7 (biotin) deficiency

BIOtin

eggs are a BIOlogical product and the avidin in egg whites can bind eggs readily--think weight lifters

12

what are the two B vitamins used in redox reactions

"2 and 3 give hydrogen to me"

B2 (riboflavin)=part of FAD and FMN
B3 (niacin)=part of NAD+ and NADP+

13

what is the mutation in prothrombin gene mutation hyper coagulability

"Beverly hills 90210"
G20210A mutation-->G to A=Guanosine to adenosine

14

what clotting factors are deficient in hemophilia A and B

A= eight (their beginnings rhyme)
B=9 (benign)

15

what are the diseases that can cause target cells to appear on a peripheral smear

THAL

thallasemia
hemoglobin C disease
Asplenia
Liver disease

16

where does hematopoiesis take place in fetal development

Young Liver Synthesizes Blood

Yolk sac (3-8 weeks)
Liver (6 weeks-birth)
Spleen (10-28 weeks)
Bone marrow (18 to adult)

17

what are the 6 Ps of acute intermittent porphyria

defect in Porphobilinogen deaminase
Painful abdomen
Port Wine urine (dark colored)
Polyneuropathy
Psychological disturbances (heme precursors are neurotoxic)
Precipitated by drugs (barbiduates, seizure drugs, Rifampin, Metoclopramide)

18

what is the the way to remember porphyria cutanea tarda

PORphyria-->think of a Poor Hairy homeless IV Drug using Alcoholic with Blistering skin lesions and having Pissed himself

Hypertrichosis (hair growth)
associated with Alcoholics and Hep C
sx=Blistering cutaneous lesion
enzyme deficient=Uroporphyrinogen and tea colored Urine

19

what are the symptoms of lead poisoning

LEAD

Lead lines (dark blue lines on gums or hyperluscent lines on metaphysis of bones)
Encephalopathy
Abdominal colic and Anemia
Drops--foot and wrist

20

what are the tumors that can secrete erythropoietin and raise the hematocrit

Potentially Really High Hematocrit

Pheocromocytoma
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Hepatocellular carcinoma
Hemangioblastoma