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Flashcards in acronyms Deck (20):
1

what are the infections or toxins that we give passive antibody for right after we are exposed to them

To Be Healed Rapidly

Tetanus toxin
Botulinum toxin
HBV
Rabies virus

2

what are the live attenuated vaccines that usually provide lifelong immunity

ATTENtion! Please Vaccinate Young Infants with MMR Regularly

Attenuated vaccine
Polio (Sabin, oral)
Varicella
Yellow fever
Intranasal Influenza
Measles
Mumps
Rubella
Rotavirus

3

what are the causes of eosinophilia

CANADA P

Collagen vascular disease (PAN, Dermatomyositis)
Atopic disease
Neoplasm
Adrenal Insufficiency (addisons Dx)
Drugs (NSAIDS, penicillins, cephalosporins)
Acute interstitial nephritis
parasites (strongyloides, ascaris)

4

what is one function of cytokines 1-6

HOT T-BONE stEAK

IL1=fever
IL2=T cell stimulation
IL3=stimulation of bone marrow
IL4=IGE
IL5=IGA
IL6=stimulation of aKute phase proteins

5

what bacteria are stained with giemsa

Certain Bugs Really Try my Patience

Chlamydia
Borrelia
Rickettsiae
Trypanosomes
Plasmodium

6

what are the important points of the B and T cell immunodeficiency Ataxia Telangiectasia

ATAXIA

Ataxia
Telangiectasia
AFP (increased)
X-ray sensitivity (defect in ATM increases double stranded breaks)
IGA deficiency
Acute leukemia and Lymphoma

7

what are the deep nuclei of the cerebellum from medial to lateral

Fat Gerbals Exercise Daily

Fastigial
Globose
Emboliform
Dentate

8

what is the song to remember the nerve roots that supply the various reflexes

S1,2 buckle my shoe
L3,4 kick the door
C5,6 pick up sticks
C7, 8 lay them straight

L1,2 testicles move
S3,4 winks galore

9

where do the cranial nerves exit the skull

COS3ROSI2J3H (said: cosine cubed rosi squared j cubed h)
I: Cribriform plate
II: Optic foramen
III, IV, V1: Superior orbital fissure
V2: foramen Rotundum
V3: foramen Ovale
VI: Superior orbital fissure
VII,VIII: Internal auditory meatus
IX, X, XI: Jugular foramen
XII: Hypoglossal canal

10

what are the cranial nerves

Oh Oh Oh To Touch And Feel (a) Virgin Girl's Vagina And Hymen

Olfactory, Optic, Oculomotor, Trochlear, Trigeminal, Abducent, Facial,
Vestibulocochlear (formerly Auditory), Glossopharyngeal, Vagus, Accessory, Hypoglossal

11

what are the retroperitoneal structures

A DUCK PEAR

Adrenal glands
Duodenum
Ureters
Colon
Kidneys
Pancreas
Esophagus
Aorta (and IVC)
Rectum

12

what are the obligate anaraerobes

anaerobes Can't Breath Air

Clostridium
Bacteroides
Actinomyces

13

what are the obligate aerobes

Nagging Pests Must Breath

Nocardia
Psuedomonas aeruginosa
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Bacilis species

14

what are the most common causes of bowel obstruction?

ABCs

Adhesions (previous surgery adhesions)
Bulge (hernia that his incarcerated or strangulated)
Cancer (most commonly metastatic Colon cancer)

15

what are the symptoms of carcinoid syndrome

Big (bulging tumor in belly) FDR

Bronchospasm (asthmatic wheezing)
Flushing
Diarrhea (recurrent)
Right sided valvular disease

16

what is the APC pathway of colon cancer genetic development

AK-53

loss of APC gene
K-ras mutation
Loss of p-53

17

causes of Acute pancreatitis

SHHH! AGE

Sulfa drugs
HIV drugs
Hypercalcemia (i.e. parathyroidism)
Hypertrigliceridemia

Alcohol
Gallstones
ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram)

18

is ALT or AST higher in alcoholic hepatitis

A Scotch and Tonic

AST is higher> ALT by 2x ratio

19

what structures pierce the diaphragm

I Ate Ten Eggs At Twelve

T8-IVC
T10-Esophagus, vagus
T12-Aorta, thoracic duct, azygous vein

at "T-1-2 its the Red (aorta), White (thoracic duct), and Blue (azygous vein)

20

Huntington's disease

The C's of Huntingtons

CAG repeats on chromosome Cuatro (4)
Cuarenta (presents in 40s)
Cognitive decline
Chorea
Caudate nucleus

CAG
Cuadate nucleus loses Acetylcholine and Gaba