Acronyms Flashcards Preview

step 1 > Acronyms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Acronyms Deck (22):
1

Carpal bones in wrist

So Long To Pinky (thumb to pinky) Here Comes The Thumb (pinky to thumb)

Scaphoid
Lunate
Triquetrum
Pisiform
Hamate
Capatate
Trapezoid
Trapezium

2

Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome (maxillary body lesion)

Associated with thiamine (B1) deficiency and excessive EtOH use

(Wernicke problems come in a CAN of beer)

Confusion
Ataxia
Nystagmus

3

parent's can't stop kids from getting treated for what?

Sex (contraception, STDs, Pregnancy)
Drugs (addiction)
And Rock and Roll (emergency/trauma)

4

ACE inhibitors Side Effects

Captopril's catchh

Cough
Angioedema
Teratogen
increased Creatinine
Hyperkalemia
Hypotension

5

22q11 deletion syndrome

Presentation is variable but can be remembered by:

CATCH-22

Cleft Palate
Abnormal Facies
Thymic aplasia--> t-cell def.
Cardiac defects
Hypoglycemia 2nd to parathyroid aplasia

6

acronym for fructose and galactose metabolism

Both pathways are frut/galactose--(1)fructo/glactokinase--> fructo/galactose1P--(2)FAB GUT-->glycolysis.

deficencies in (1) enzymes are essential fructosuria, and glactokinase deficiency.

deficincies in (2) enzymes are fructose intolerance and classic galactosemia

Fructose is to Aldolase B as Galactose is to UridylTransferase (FAB GUT).

7

medicines that can prolong QT intervals and subsequently cause tornadoes de pointes

Some Risky Meds Can Prolong QT

Sotalol
Risperidone (antipsycholytis)
Macrolides
Chloroquine
Protease inhibitors (-navir)
Quinidine (class 1a; also class 3)
Thiazides

8

obligate anaerobe and aerobe organisms

Anaerobes Can't Breath and Aerobes Must Breathe Now

Actinomyces
Clostridium
Bacteroides

pseudomonas Aeruginosa
MycoBacterium (mycoplasm tuberculosis)
Nocardia

9

what are the things that can trigger DIC

STOP Making New Thrombi

Sepsis
Trauma
Obstetric complication
acute Pancreatitis
Malignancy
Nephrotic Syndrome
Transfusion

10

signs and symptoms of parkinson disease

Parkinson TRAPS your body

Tremor (at rest-->pin rolling)
cogwheel Rigidity
Akinesia
Postural instability
Shuffling Gait

11

innervation of the extra ocular muscles

LR6SO4

CN 6 innervates Lateral rectus
CN 4 innervates Superior Oblique
CN 3 innervates the Rest

12

jobs of the hypothalamus

TAN HATS like what highway patrol officers wear

the hypothalamus is the "law and order" of the body

Thirst and water balance
Adenophysis control
Neurophysis control
Hunger
Autonomic regulation
Temperatire regulation
Sexual urges

13

acronym to remember components of storage-weber syndrome

STURGE-Weber syndrome

Sporadic (congenital) and port wine Stain (ipsilateral facial)
Tram-Track calcifications (of opposing gyro) on head x-ray
Unilateral (phenotypes all unilateral)
Retardation
Gluacoma (early onset) and GNAQ gene (cause)
Epilepsy (or just seizures)

14

acronym to remember tuberous sclerosis

HAMARTOMAS

Hamartomas in CNS and skin (retina too)
Angiofibromas and Angiomyolipomas (around nose red and dark small papules and )
Mitral regurgitation
Ash-leaf spots (hypopigmented leaf looking spots around trunk)
cardiac Rhabdomyoma
TSC1/2 genes (hamartin/tuberin genes)
Optional expressivity and penetrance
Mental retardation
Autosomal dominant
Shagreen patches and Seizures

15

types of adult and pediatric brain tumors

Adult--supratentorial
MGM Studios

Metastasis
Glioblastoma
Meningioma
Schwannoma

Pediatric--infratentorial
Animal kingdom, Magic kingdom, Epcot

Astrocytoma
Medulloblastoma
Ependymoma

16

EEG waveforms in sleep

at night, BATS Drink Blood

Beta--awake (eyes open)
Alpha--awake (eyes closed)
Theta--non-REM stage 1 (N1)
Sleep spindles and K complexes--non-REM stage 2 (N2)
Delta--non-REM stage 3 (N3)
Beta--REM

17

Both benzodiazepines and barbiturates have the same mechanism of action to some extant but whats the difference?

Ben likes it more frequently
but
barb like it longer

Benzos=increased frequency of GABA channels opening
Barbs=increased length of GABA channels opening

18

drugs used to treat urge incontinence

On The Darn Toilet

Oxybutynin
Tolterodine
Darfenacin and Solifenacin
Trospium

19

What type of g protein receptors are the adrenergic, muscaranic dopaminergic, histaminergic, and vassonergic

QISS (kiss) and QIQ till you SIQ of SQS (super kinky sex)

sympathetic
q-alpha 1
i-alpha 2
s-beta 1
s-beta 2

parasympathetic (muscarinic)
q-M1
i-M2
q-M3

dopaminergic
s-D1
i-D2

Hisminergic
q-H1
s-H2

vasonergic (vasopressin)
q-V1
s-V2

20

acronym to remember tuberous sclerosis

HAMARTOMAS

Hamartomas in CNS and skin (retina too)
Angiofibromas, astrocytoma, and Angiomyolipomas (around nose red and dark small papules and )
Mitral regurgitation
Ash-leaf spots (hypopigmented leaf looking spots around trunk)
cardiac Rhabdomyoma
TSC1/2 genes (hamartin/tuberin genes)
Optional expressivity and penetrance
Mental retardation
Autosomal dominant, Autism spectrum disorder (increased incidence in)
Shagreen patches (populous on lower back) and Seizures

21

which receptors are G protein linked receptors of the q subtype

Cutsies (QCs) HAVe 1 M&M

H1, alpha1, V1, M1, M3

22

which receptors are G protein linked receptors of the i subtype

MAD 2's

M2, alpha2, D2