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Flashcards in Acronyms Deck (20):
1

What are the drugs one should not give to someone with long QT interval as they can widen it further and cause tornadoes de pointes

Some Risky Meds Can Prolong QT

Sotalol (class III)
Risperidone (antipsychotics such as haloperidol)
Macrolides
Chloroquine
Protease inhibitors (-navir)
Quinidine (class 1A)
Thiazides

2

pneumonic for how the primary bone tumors present on x-ray:
osteoclastoma
osteosarcoma
osteochondroma
ewing sarcoma

osteoCLastoma (giant cell tumor) = CLean--> Soap bubble on X-ray

osteoSarComa = Sunburst and Codman's triangle

osteoCHondroma = CHunk of bone

eWING = chicken WINGs and onion rings--> onion skin on x-ray

3

What types of tumors like to metastasize to the bone

Permanently Relocated Tumors Like Bone

Prostate
Renal cell cancer
Testes/Thyroid
Lung
Breast

4

Uses of N-acetylcysteine

N-AcetylCysteine

Nephropathy (contrast induced)
Aceominophen overdose
Cystic fibrosis (mucolytic)

5

what are the diseases that are seronegative spondyloarthropathies

PAIR

Psoriatic arthritis
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Inflammatory bowel disease
Reactive arthritis (reiter syndrome)

6

pneumonic to remember reactive arthritis classic triad

Can't see (conjunctivitis), Can't pee (urethritis), Can't bend a knee (arthritis)

7

What are the drugs that can cause drug induced lupus

SHIPP

Sulfonamides
Hydralazine
Isoniazid
Phenytoin
Procainamide

8

systemic lupus erythematous

RASH OR PAIN

Rash (malar or discoid)
Arthritis
Serositis (pleuritis or pericarditis)
Hematologic disorders (e.g. -cytopenias)
Oral ulcers (painless)
Renal (nephritic->diffuse proliferative, Nephrotic->membranous)
Photosensitivity
Antibodies (antinuclear=sensitive, (Anti dsDNA/smith=specific)
Induced (can be or at least seem to be) (Antihistone=drug induced, Anticardiolipin=FP for syphilis)
neurologic disorders (seizures, psychosis)

9

CREST syndrome

CREST (limited scleroderma)

Calcinosis/antiCentromere antibodies)
Raynaud phenomenon
Esophageal dysmotility
Sclerodactyly
Telangiectasia

10

sjogren's syndrom triad

Can't see (decreased tear production), Can't spit (dry mouth), can't climb up shit (arthritis)

11

what are the 6 P's of Lichen Planus describing how it looks

Prurutic, Purple, Polygonal Planar Papules, Plaques

12

what are the symptoms of menopaus

Menopause Symptoms wreak HAVOC

Mood changes (depression)
Sleep disturbances
Hot flashes
Atrophy of the vagina
Vaginal dryness
Osteoporosis
Coronary artery disease

13

what are the epithelial ovarian cancers

Serious Epithelial Malignancies are Clearly Bad

Serous,
Endometrial
Mucinous
Clear cell
Brenner

14

what are the ovarian germ cell tumors

TERATOMA Cores DYSregulate the YOLK SAC

Teratoma
Choriocarcinoma
Dysgerminoma
Yolk sac tumor (endodermal sinus)

15

What are the sex cord stream tumors

Sex Tumors Grow Fast

Sertoli-leydig tumors
Thecoma
Granulosa cell
Fibroma

16

what are the C's of Huntington's disease

the Cs of Huntingtons

Cognitive decline
Caudate atrophy
Chorea
CAG repeats
Chromosome Cuatro (4)
Caurenta (presents around age 40)
aCH (decreased acetylcholine)

17

how do we remember the tumors of MEN 1

how do we remember the tumors of MEN 2a

how do we remember the tumors of MEN 2b

the 3 p's (PPP)

Pituatary adenoma
Parathyroid adenoma
pancreatic tumors

MPP

medullary thyroid carcinoma
Parathyroid adenomas
Pheocromocytoma

MMP

Medullary thyroid carcinomas
Mucosal tumors
Pheocromocytoma

18

Freidrich ataxia

The FRATernity brother Friedrich the NINTH of GAMMA ALPHA ALPHA (GAA) always STUMBLES and FALLS but he has BIG HEART and a STRONG BACK

FRAT=Frataxin mutation
Ninth= on chromosome 9
GAA= trinucleotide repeat disorder f GAA
Stumbles and fall= ataxia d/t degenration of multiple spinal tracts
big heart= pts die of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
strong back= presents in childhood with kyphoscoliosis

19

what are the drugs used to treat an active mycoplasma tuberculosis infection

RIPE

Riifampin
Isoniazid
Pyrazinamide
Ethambutol

20

what are the 4 R's of Rifampin use

RNA polymerase inhibitor
Ramps up microsomal cytochrome p-450
Red/orange body fluids
Rapid resistance if used alone