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Flashcards in Acronyms Deck (18):
1

what are the symptoms of Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic purpura

FAT RN

Fever
Anemia (microangiopathic hemolytic)
Thrombocytopenia
Renal failure
Neurological symptoms

Middle three are classic triad of HUS

2

What are the causes of DIC

STOP Making Thrombi

Sepsis (gram negative)
Trauma
Obstetric complications
acute Pancreatitis
Malignancy
Transfusion

3

what is the translocation in Burkitt Lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and Follicular lymphoma

B22M25DF32

Burkitt lymphoma= 8;14 (c-myc)
Mantle cell lymphoma= 11;14 (cyclin D)
Diffuse large B-Cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma = 14;18 (bcl-2)

14= IgG

4

what is the presentation of multiple myeloma

CRAB

hyperCalcemia
Renal insufficiency
Anemia
Bone lytic lesion/Back pain

5

what are the DNA viruses and which ones are linear, circular, naked, and enveloped

0--1--1--0-1-0-1
H-H-A-P-P-P-Py

0= circular genome and 1=linear genome
middle four starting at 2nd 1 are naked.

H - 0 = hepadnavirus, circular
H - 1 = herpesviruses, linear
A - 1 = adenovirus, linear, naked
P - 0 = papillomavirus, circular, naked
P - 1 = parvovirus, linear, naked
P - 0 = polyomavirus, circular, naked
P - 1 = poxvirus, linear

note parvo and poxvirus (the linear Ps) are exceptions to rules:
Parvovirus=is the only single stranded
Pox=not icosahedral, doesn't replicate in nucleus

6

What are the positive ssRNA viruses that have icosahedral capsid

I went to the RETRO TOGA party, where I drank FLAVored CORONA and ate REheated HEPpy CALIfornia CORN

Retrovirus
Togavirus
Flavivirus
Coronavirus
Reovirus
Hepevirus
Calicivirus
Picornavirus

Note all ssRNA positive except Reoviridae (naked) which is dsRNA

last 3 in mnemonic are also naked

7

what are the live attenuated vaccines

"Live! Right now! See small yellow chickens get vaccinated by Sabin with MMR! Its Incredible!"

-Rotavirus
-smallpox
-yellow fever
-chickenpox (VZV)
-Sabin's polio virus
-MMR (can be given to HIV+ patients who show no signs of immunodeficiency
Intranasal Influenza

8

what are the killed vaccines

"Always RIP "

-HAV
-Rabies
-Influenza (injection)
-Polio (Salk)

9

what is the Tzank test for

"Tzank heavens I do not have Herpes"

HSV1, HSV2, VZV-->usually for genital lesions

10

what are the picornaviruses (enteroviruses)

PERCH

Poliovirus
Echovirus--aseptic meningitis in the summer
Rhinovirus--common cole (not fecal-oral)
Coxsackievirus--aseptic meningitis and hand, foot, and mouth disease
HAV

11

what are the 5 C's of measles (rubeola) paramyxovirus

Cough
Coryza (runny nose)
Conjunctivitis
C(K)police spots
Complete rash (both on limbs and core--unlike rubella which is just core)

12

what are the symptoms of mumps

mumps makes you parotid glands and testes as big as POM-poms

Parotitis
Orchitis
aseptic Meningitis

13

What are the negative single stranded RNA viruses that have a helical capsid

Always Bring Polymerase Or Fail Replication

Arenavirus
Bunyaviruses
Paramyxoviruses
Orthomyxoviruses
Filoviruses
Rhabdoviruses

14

what are the yeast fungi and what do they look like

think of a mad fashionable scientist collecting ancient germs

"CAN DIMORPHIC GERM TUBES be purchased in that PNEU (new) SILVER DISK color so that I may go to the SABOURAUD INDIA CAPSULAR CRYPTS in style?!"

Candida albicans--Dimorphic, germ tubes
Pneumocystis jirovecii--silver stain, disk shaped
Cryptococcus neoformans--sabouraud agar, stains with india ink, large capsule

15

what are the serious mold infections and what do they look like

A (has an Acute angle) vs W (has a Wide angle)

Aspergillus fumigatus--septate hyphae with acute (45 degree angles)

Mucor and Rhizopus species(m flipped upside down = W)--broad hyphae, branching at wide angles

16

What are the systemic mycoses and what doe they look like on microscopy

Histo hides
Blasto buds broadly
Coccidio Crowds
Paracoccidio parasails with the captain's wheel all the way to Latin America

Histoplasmosis--macrophages filled with hits (smaller than RBCs)
Blastomycosis--broad base budding (sam size as RBCs)
Coccidiomycosis--spherule (much larger than RBC) filled with endospore
Paracoccidiomycosis--budding yeast with Captian's Wheel formation (much larger than RBC)

17

where are Psammoma bodies seen

PSaMMoma bodies

Papillary carcinoma of thyroid
Serous papillary cystadenomacarcinoma of ovary
Meningioma
Mesothelioma

18

what is the regimen for testicular cancer

Eradicate Ball Cancer

Etoposide
Bleomycin (or ifosfomide)
Cisplatin