Adolescent Flashcards Preview

BOARDS > Adolescent > Flashcards

Flashcards in Adolescent Deck (94)
Loading flashcards...
1

anorexia diagnosis

1. distorted body perception
2. weight 15% below expected
3. fear of gaining weight
4. absence of 3 consecutive menstrual cycles

2

weight % with anorexia that indicates admission

<75% of ideal body weight

3

SMR 1 male

no pubic hair, testicular size <2.5 mL

4

SMR 2 male

fine pubic hair, increased testicular size and texturized scrotum

5

SMR 3 male

coarse and curly pubic hair, increased phallus size, increased testicular size

6

SMR 5 male

pubic hair to inner thigh

7

SMR 2 female

hair along labia, small breast buds with glandular tissue

8

SMR 3 female

coarse and curly hair, breast tissue extensions beyond areola

9

SMR 4 female

denser hair, enlarged areola and papilla forms secondary mound

10

SMR 5 female

hair to inner thigh, no separation between areola and breast of the breast

11

on average menses occurs when

2 years after thelarche (12 to 13)

12

peak height velocity in girls

before menarche (SMR 3 or 4)

13

after menarche girls are within ___ of adult height

4 cm (2 inches)

14

menstruation longer than ___ is abnormal

10 days

15

OCPs decrease risk of

ovarian cysts, endometrial and ovarian cancers, colorectal cancer and osteoporosis

16

absolute contraindications to OCPs

migraine with aura, breast cancer, uncontrolled HTN, liver disease, DVT, PE, factor V Leiden mutation

17

primary amenorrhea definition

no period by 15 or 3 years after thelarche

18

normal breast development without pubic hair or menstruation

androgen insensitivity syndrome

19

breast budding, no pubic hair and no period in 16 yr old

turner syndrome

20

secondary amenorrhea definiton

3 months of amenorrhea after onset of menarche

21

female athlete triad

1. amenorrhea
2. osteoporosis
3. disordered eating

22

lab findings in PCOS

LH:FSH ratio >2.5 and elevated androgen levels

23

anti androgen medication used in PCOS

spironolactone

24

lab findings in exercise induced amenorrhea

low serum estradiol (E2) levels --> increased risk of osteoporosis

25

delayed puberty and bone density

associated with low bone density

26

cause of primary dysmenorrhea

prostaglandins produced during ovulatory cycle

27

primary dysmenorrhea treatment

prostaglandin inhibitors (NSAIDs), OCP if they fail

28

most common cause of dysfunctional uterine bleeding

anovulation

29

a common cause of DUB in developing countries

TB

30

heavy or prolonged bleeding at regular intervals

menorrhagia