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Flashcards in MSK/Sports Med Deck (96)
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1

power lifting in teens

risk for apophyseal avulsion fractures

2

no sports for how long after myocarditis

at least 6 months

3

no sports for how long after kawasaki

at least 8 weeks

4

heart findings that can be normal in an athletic teen

LVH and bradycardia

5

marfan syndrome sports restrictions

low collision only and no weight lifting (avoid muscle straining)`

6

murmur that gets louder with sitting or standing or murmur that appears with squatting

HOCM

7

kids with HOCM die from

arrhythmia (usually Vtach)

8

headache, nausea, vomiting, sweating with core temp <104

heat exhaustion

9

hot dry skin with confusion and core temperature >105

heat stroke

10

heat stroke causes end organ damage via

release of endotoxins and cytokines

11

distinction between heat stroke and heat exhaustion

heat stroke they are dry/not sweating and have CNS symptoms

12

children should drink how much when outdoors

3 to 8 oz every 20 minutes

13

minor stretching of the ligament

grade 1 sprain

14

ligaments are partially torn, tenderness, bruising and swelling present, some loss of function

grade 2 sprain

15

ligament is completely torn with significant pain, tenderness, bruising and loss of function

grade 3 sprain

16

most common ankle sprain type

anterior talofibular ligament

17

most common mechanism of ankle sprain

inversion injury causing lateral ligament damage

18

ankle sprain treatment

ice for 20 minutes at a time over the first 36 to 48 hours

19

compartment syndrome signs

pain, paresthesias, pallor, paralysis, pulselessness

20

next step for injury to leg with bruising, swelling, diminished sensation, good pulses

obtain compartment pressures

21

pain over lateral patella with deformity over medial

patella subluxation

22

management for patella subluxation

develop and maintain quad and hamstring strength

23

anterior knee pain with jumping, running or squatting

patellofemoral syndrome

24

how to diagnose patellofemoral syndrome

clinically (no X-rays)

25

anterior knee pain with visible swelling

prepatellar bursitis

26

pain over dorsum of hand near base of thumb

scaphoid fracture (pain at anatomical snuffbox)

27

trauma to the elbow must consider

neurovascular compromise

28

pain on passive extension of fingers after elbow injury

neurovascular compromise

29

posterior fat pad sign on lateral elbow xray

effusion associated with fracture (anterior fat pad is normal)

30

most common injury with falling on an outstretched arm that is hyperextended at the elbow

supracondylar fracture