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Flashcards in Neurology Deck (185)
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1

arbovirus pattern

warm climates, carried by insects (west nile, St. Louis)

2

enterovirus pattern

generalized neurological findings, transmitted human to human

3

herpes encephalitis diagnostic test

DNA PCR

4

frontal headache with bandlike pressure

stress/tension headache

5

episodic severe headaches that cause a child to stop their activities and lay down

migraine

6

migraine headache treatment

ibuprofen, Tylenol, fluids and rest
ergotamine and sumatriptan if needed

7

migraine headache prevention

cyproheptadine or topiramate

8

contraindicated when signs of increased ICP

LP

9

diagnostic test of choice when concerned for increased ICP

CT with contrast urgently, MRI once stable

10

increased ICP of unknown etiology aka

psuedotumor cerebri

11

untreated pseudotumor cerebri leads to

papilledema --> optic disk atrophy --> blindness

12

double vision in pseudo tumor cerebri is 2/2 to

6th nerve palsy

13

headache in pseudotumor cerebri gets worse with

laying flat and valsalva

14

common cause of pseudotumor cerebri

megadose vitamin intake, especially vitamin A

15

eye findings in infants with increased ICP

setting sun/downward deviation

16

medications that can cause pseudotumor cerebri

vitamin A, steroids, thyroxine, lithium, some antibiotics

17

psudotumor cerebri treatment

acetazolamide (carbonic anhydrase inhibitor), severe cases require steroids and surgery/shunt

18

Cushing's triad

HTN, bradycardia, abnormal respirations (late findings of increased ICP/impending herniation)

19

major risk factor for hydrocephalus

neural tube defect (chair malformation or myelomeningocele)

20

most shunt infections occur when

within 6 months of placement

21

presentation of shunt malfunction

symptoms of increased ICP but without fever

22

common location of brain tumors in kids

posterior fossa

23

most common type of solid tumors in kids

brain tumors

24

contrast enhancing 4th ventricle mass

medulloblastoma

25

most common malignant brain tumor of childhood

medulloblastoma

26

medulloblastoma presentation

headache, ataxia, obstructive hydrocephalus

27

presentation of posterior fossa tumors

headache, ataxia, head tilt, torticollis, vomiting

28

supratentorial tumors

cranioopharyhngioma, optic nerve glioma

29

craniopharyngioma presentation

slow progression with triad of endocrinopathies (DI, short stature), visual disturbances and headaches

30

cause of chronic visual field deficits in craniopharyngioma

pressure on the optic tracts