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Flashcards in American Revolution Deck (45)
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1

What forts did the British capture in the French and Indian War?

Fort Niagara and Fort Duquesne, which is in Pittsburgh

2

Who was William Pitt?

He was the man whom Pittsburgh was named after, and he emphasized the importance of fighting in the colonies and not as much in the Caribbean for the French and Indian War. He also thought it was important to take Quebec City

3

What's the Proclamation of 1763?

It's a document saying that the colonists cannot settle father west than the Appalachian mountains. This angers the colonists and leads up to the Revolutionary War

4

What's the Sugar Act of 1764?

This was when England started to tax the colonies. This one was mainly just on sugar and sweet things. The colonists instead smuggled in sugar and England can't enforce its law because it's broke from the French and Indian war. Because of this law, the resentment of England grows

5

What's the Stamp Act of 1765?

It's a tax on everything paper, and all paper products needed an official stamp to be legally used. Colonists then began boycotting goods, so the Stamp Act was then revoked

6

What is salutary neglect?

It's when rules and laws are not being enforced

7

What's the Declaratory Act of 1766?

This states that Parliament has the right to tax the colonists

8

What's the Quebec Act of 1766?

This was toleration for Canada to be able to go west and get land. This angers the colonists because Canadians got privileges the colonists didn't get

9

What's the Townsend Acts of 1767?

This taxes lead, tea, and glass. After this the Committee of Correspondence has the colonies sign the non-importation agreements. This is the first time the colonies wrote a document agreeing on things, and they begin to produce their own goods and become self-reliant

10

What is the Committee of Correspondence?

This is the colonies sending letters to each other to resist the British in an organized way

11

How did the Boston Massacre happen and what was the effect?

There were some colonials throwing rocks at some British soldiers, and the soldiers came at them and their guns accidentally went off and killed about 6 or 7 people. Paul Revere blows it out of proportion and depicts hundreds of people dying to throw the British in a bad light. The soldiers go on trial and John Addams defends them because everyone deserves a fair trial. Parliament then revokes the Townsend Acts.

12

What's the Tea Act of 1773?

This act kept the tax on tea, and it was a really cheap tax that was even cheaper than the smuggler's tea

13

What's the Boston Tea Party (1773)?

Colonials dressed up as Indians and they throw the tea into the water. The captain of the ship let them do this because he'd get the insurance money from the tea

14

What are the Intolerable Acts?

These were imposed after the Boston Tea Party. Boston has to pay for the tea they destroyed, and their freedom of assembly was denied. Boston Harbor was also closed, which meant that not very many goods were going to Boston, and other colonies realized that their harbors could potentially be closed as well

15

Describe the First Continental Congress

This was the first time that the colonies got together and talked about what was happening with the British. They created the committees of correspondence to get organized, as well as created the non-importation agreements and other formal documents. They also decided to gather militias and make them stronger.

16

Describe the Second Continental Congress

Almost all of the colonies meet, and they decide they don't really want to fight the British, and so they put together the Olive Branch Petition. This petition had a symbol for peace-olive branch, and a symbol for war-arrows. The king doesn't even read the petition

17

What was "Common Sense" about and who wrote it?

This pamphlet was by Thomas Paine and was about how the colonies could govern themselves and why was a king needed to rule

18

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

This was wrote by Thomas Jefferson and was based on the principle that we could govern ourselves

19

Who was the Father of the American revolution?

Samuel Addams

20

What was a 'sunshine soldier'?

A soldier who only wants to fight when things are good

21

Who was the 'key to the revolution' in that he was able to attract the colonies and unite them?

John Addams

22

What did the Treaty of Paris (1763) do?

This ends the French and Indian War. It also had the Philippines and Cuba were returned to Spain.

23

What did the Treaty of Paris (1783) do?

This ends the American Revolution; those who'd been loyal to the king got their property back; debts to Britain before the war had to be paid; Spain got Florida back; American's retained fishing rights in Newfoundland

24

What was the Second Continental Congress?

This was hosted by Pennsylvania. The south was represented by George Washington and the north by John Addams. This was where Washington was elected to command the army

25

What group of people began the war?

Merchants; they had to rely on farmers to win the war

26

What were some major problems that the colonies faced going into the war?

One third of the people were still loyal to the king (loyalists/tories); the well being of the colonists were in danger; the power of the British empire; it was almost impossible to raise a Continental Army b/c colonies weren't willing to combine armies

27

What were some major impacts of the war?

There weren't enough goods, which led to high inflation; personal property was also destroyed

28

What were some major impacts of the war?

There weren't enough goods, which led to high inflation; personal property was also destroyed

29

Patriots vs. Loyalists

Loyalists were wealthier; Loyalists older, Patriots younger

30

Why didn't the Articles of Confederation work?

It made the central government too weak and made the state's power too strong. It also gave the states the power to tax. The Constitution was written after this didn't work out.