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Flashcards in Western Expansion Deck (38)
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1

What was the biggest western town at this time?

San Francisco. This is because of gold and the railroad ended there

2

What railroad went from Chicago to San Francisco?

Union Pacific Railroad. This was the first transcontinental railroad

3

What railroad went from Chicago to Seattle?

Northern Pacific Railroad

4

What railroad went from St. Louis to Los Angelas?

Southern Pacific Railroad

5

Who was Thomas Nast?

He created the political cartoon called the doonsberry. Mainly made fun of how the government treated minorities, particularly Chinese or Native Americans

6

What was one way we handled the Native Americans when heading west?

We killed their food source, the buffalo

7

What Native American tribe gave the US the most trouble?

The Sioux

8

What do the Sioux believe in?

They believed that life is a series of circles, and that spirits could be invoked with sun dances, and visions could be attained by self torture (starvation and dehydration)

9

What affect did the Americans have on Native Americans?

-we gave them diseases
-homesteaders and farmers took their land and hunting ground
-railroad took their land
-miners tore up the land

10

What is the battle of Little Big Horn?

This was the battle against the Native Americans in which general Custard died

11

What is the only battle the Native Americans won?

Wetcloud battle

12

What is the Fetterman Massacre?

This is when Native Americans killed all Americans in the forts in prime buffalo hunting ground

13

What is the Sand Creek Massacre?

This is when American Chivington attacked all of the natives that jumped the reservation

14

What happened at Wounded Knee?

Natives were performing the 'Ghost Dance' when guns went off and battle ensued. Sitting Bull died.

15

What is the 'Ghost Dance'?

This was performed with the belief that it would have bullets pass right through them and not hurt

16

Who said, "From here, I will fight no more, forever"

Chief Joseph

17

What is the effect of Helen Jackson Turner's book, "Living With Dishonor"?

The public opinion of natives sympathizes, and the Indian Rights Association is created, which forces tribes to assimilate with US culture. The US has good intentions, but it backfires. Schools were set up on reservations that taught English, Christian values, American jobs, and farming. Led to alienation and higher depresion rates among natives

18

What is the Dawes Act?

This introduces natives to individual ownership. Breaks up the land of the tribe and gives each native 160 acres

19

What was the Comstock Strike?

In Nevada, $300 million gold and silver mined their during 1860-1880

20

Who was the most famous rancher?

Teddy Roosevelt

21

What were trails used for Cattle Drives?

The Chisholm and The Shawnee, which ended in Kansas, and The Western and Good Night Love, which both ended in Nebraska

22

What are Mexican Cowboys called?

Vaqueros

23

What was the political party made by farmers?

Grange. Advocated for the regulation of railroads, but the prices didn't go down because the Federal Government needed money from the railroad

24

What national political party comes from the Grange?

The Populist Party, which later becomes the Progressive Party when industrial workers join in

25

Who was Oliver Kelly?

He was big in the Granges

26

What does Munns vs. Illinois do?

It was a victory for farmers. It said that states could regulate grain elevator prices because the railroad used to own them and would charge more

27

What did Wabash vs. Illinois do?

This was a case to see if the state could regulate how much railroads could charge the farmers. It went to the Supreme Court and they said that one state couldn't regulate the price because the railroad runs through more than one state

28

What was the Federal Interstate Commission?

This was supposed to regulate railroad prices, but it didn't because those who worked for the railroad were on the Commission

29

What are Sooners?

They are cheaters, particularly during land grabs

30

?What was the Timber Culture Act?

This gave 160 acres of land to anyone if they would plant 40 acres of trees