Western Expansion Flashcards Preview

AP US History > Western Expansion > Flashcards

Flashcards in Western Expansion Deck (38)
Loading flashcards...

What was the biggest western town at this time?

San Francisco. This is because of gold and the railroad ended there


What railroad went from Chicago to San Francisco?

Union Pacific Railroad. This was the first transcontinental railroad


What railroad went from Chicago to Seattle?

Northern Pacific Railroad


What railroad went from St. Louis to Los Angelas?

Southern Pacific Railroad


Who was Thomas Nast?

He created the political cartoon called the doonsberry. Mainly made fun of how the government treated minorities, particularly Chinese or Native Americans


What was one way we handled the Native Americans when heading west?

We killed their food source, the buffalo


What Native American tribe gave the US the most trouble?

The Sioux


What do the Sioux believe in?

They believed that life is a series of circles, and that spirits could be invoked with sun dances, and visions could be attained by self torture (starvation and dehydration)


What affect did the Americans have on Native Americans?

-we gave them diseases
-homesteaders and farmers took their land and hunting ground
-railroad took their land
-miners tore up the land


What is the battle of Little Big Horn?

This was the battle against the Native Americans in which general Custard died


What is the only battle the Native Americans won?

Wetcloud battle


What is the Fetterman Massacre?

This is when Native Americans killed all Americans in the forts in prime buffalo hunting ground


What is the Sand Creek Massacre?

This is when American Chivington attacked all of the natives that jumped the reservation


What happened at Wounded Knee?

Natives were performing the 'Ghost Dance' when guns went off and battle ensued. Sitting Bull died.


What is the 'Ghost Dance'?

This was performed with the belief that it would have bullets pass right through them and not hurt


Who said, "From here, I will fight no more, forever"

Chief Joseph


What is the effect of Helen Jackson Turner's book, "Living With Dishonor"?

The public opinion of natives sympathizes, and the Indian Rights Association is created, which forces tribes to assimilate with US culture. The US has good intentions, but it backfires. Schools were set up on reservations that taught English, Christian values, American jobs, and farming. Led to alienation and higher depresion rates among natives


What is the Dawes Act?

This introduces natives to individual ownership. Breaks up the land of the tribe and gives each native 160 acres


What was the Comstock Strike?

In Nevada, $300 million gold and silver mined their during 1860-1880


Who was the most famous rancher?

Teddy Roosevelt


What were trails used for Cattle Drives?

The Chisholm and The Shawnee, which ended in Kansas, and The Western and Good Night Love, which both ended in Nebraska


What are Mexican Cowboys called?



What was the political party made by farmers?

Grange. Advocated for the regulation of railroads, but the prices didn't go down because the Federal Government needed money from the railroad


What national political party comes from the Grange?

The Populist Party, which later becomes the Progressive Party when industrial workers join in


Who was Oliver Kelly?

He was big in the Granges


What does Munns vs. Illinois do?

It was a victory for farmers. It said that states could regulate grain elevator prices because the railroad used to own them and would charge more


What did Wabash vs. Illinois do?

This was a case to see if the state could regulate how much railroads could charge the farmers. It went to the Supreme Court and they said that one state couldn't regulate the price because the railroad runs through more than one state


What was the Federal Interstate Commission?

This was supposed to regulate railroad prices, but it didn't because those who worked for the railroad were on the Commission


What are Sooners?

They are cheaters, particularly during land grabs


?What was the Timber Culture Act?

This gave 160 acres of land to anyone if they would plant 40 acres of trees