Aminophylline Flashcards Preview

Yomata Drugs > Aminophylline > Flashcards

Flashcards in Aminophylline Deck (13):
1

Trade Name

Theophyline

2

Class

Bronchodilator, Methylxanthine

 

3

Mechanism of Action

Increases force of contraction of diaphragmatic muscles through enhancement of calcium uptake through adenosine - mediated channels. Also supresses airway stimuli and relaxes smooth muschle

4

Indications

Prolonged asystole from cardiac arrest or adensine administration

5

Contraindications

Sensitivity to Aminophylline

6

Adverse Effects

Nausea, vomiting, tremors, tachycardia, seizures.

7

Incompatabilites/ Drug Interactions

DO NOT MIX WITH OTHER DRUGS. DO NOT ADMINISTER IF SOLUTION IS CLOUDY OR CRYSTALS PRESENT

8

Routs of Administration

IV IO

9

Onset of Action

Onset less than 15 min, duration 4.5 hrs

10

Adult Dose

500mg IV over 2-3 min

11

Pediatric dose

5mg/kg IV over 2-3 min

12

Special considerations

Watch for hypotension with rapid administration. 

13

Protocols used

A-5 Chest pain

A-8 Asystole/PEA

A-9 Bradycardia

A-10 V-fib/V-tach

A-12 PSVT

B-6 Pediatric Asystole/PEA

B-7 Pediatric V-fib/V-tach

B-9 PSVT Pediatric PSVT